Literature Review
Volume 17 Issue 8 - 2018
Mechanical Properties of Maxillofacial Silicone Elastomer and Approaches for their Improvement: A Literature Review
Zayed SM*
Faculty of Dentistry, Removable Prosthodontics, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Zayed SM, Faculty of Dentistry, Removable Prosthodontics, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
Received: March 27, 2018; Published: July 14, 2018
Citation: Zayed SM. “Mechanical Properties of Maxillofacial Silicone Elastomer and Approaches for their Improvement: A Literature Review”. EC Dental Science 17.8 (2018): 1293-1303.
Abstract
Silicone elastomer is the most used material for construction of maxillofacial prostheses. However, it has some deficiencies; most important is inadequate mechanical properties which directly affects its clinical behaviour. Considering the functional and psychosocial effects of the failure of maxillofacial prostheses on patients, many research studies have been devoted to developing a maxillofacial silicone elastomer with enhanced mechanical properties. Despite of the advances and improvements that have taken place, there is still an enormous demand for a material with improved physical, mechanical and biological properties. This article aims to review and discuss the mechanical properties of clinical significance of maxillofacial silicone elastomer and to present a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence available in the literature regarding the effect of different approaches employed to improve the mechanical properties of maxillofacial silicone elastomer.
Keywords: Maxillofacial Silicone Elastomer; Mechanical Properties; Tear Strength; Tensile Strength; Shore a Hardness
Copyright: © 2018 Zayed SM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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