Review Article
Volume 17 Issue 8 - 2018
Antimicrobial Intervention in Periodontal Therapy
Sarah Moideen1, Afshan Siddiqi2* and Adil Habib3
1Department of Pharmacology, Fatima Jinnah Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan
2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Karachi, Pakistan
3Department of Dentistry Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Afshan Siddiqi, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Karachi, Pakistan.
Received: March 15, 2018; Published: July 04, 2018
Citation: Afshan Siddiqi., et al. “Antimicrobial Intervention in Periodontal Therapy”. EC Dental Science 17.8 (2018): 1219-1223.
Abstract
Periodontal disease is an infectious disease caused by poor oral hygiene. It is initiated when there is an imbalance between the microorganisms and the host defense. It is an inflammation of the supporting tissues of the teeth Some systemic diseases are also amongst contributing factor in causing Periodontitis. The management of Periodontitis comprises of proper scaling and elimination of plaque and calculus along with prescription of appropriate antibiotics as an adjunct therapy that would eliminate and arrest the microorganism from further damage of the periodontium. It was observed in many studies that different adjunctive antibiotics terminated the disease progression and improved the clinical signs and measures of periodontal pockets and improved clinical attachment level (CAL).
However, there are many factors that must be kept in mind before prescribing the antibiotic regimen to obtain expectable therapeutic results. These factors include antibiotic resistance, dose of drug, patient’s systemic health, age, compliance, and maintenance of good oral hygiene.
There is great need for further research in determining the ideal drug that are potent and are effective, site specific, and safe for eliminating Periodontitis.
Keywords: Periodontitis; Anatomic Discrepancies; Root Planning; Pathogens
Copyright: © 2018 Afshan Siddiqi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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