Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 5 - 2018
Dermatoglyphics: Link to Diagnose Periodontal Disease
Savita Sambashivaiah1 and Punit Naidu2*
1Head of Department, Department of Periodontology, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India
2Postgraduate, Department of Periodontology, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India
*Corresponding Author: Punit Naidu, Postgraduate, Department of Periodontology, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India.
Received: March 29, 2018; Published: April 26, 2018
Citation: Savita Sambashivaiah and Punit Naidu. “Dermatoglyphics: Link to Diagnose Periodontal Disease”. EC Dental Science 17.5 (2018): 577-581.
Abstract
Background: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease resulting in progressive loss of connective tissue attachment and supporting alveolar bone. Although periodontal diseases has multifactorial etiology, their genetic determinants that exist which could be suggestive of specific dermatoglyphic patterns for chronic periodontitis and aggressive periodontitis. Hence, the present study is conducted to study the role of palmar dermatoglyphics as a potential indicator and diagnostic tool for periodontal infections.
Objective: The present study compares the palmar dermatoglyphic patterns among healthy controls, chronic generalized periodontitis and aggressive periodontitis.
Materials and Methods: The present study comprised of 60 patients categorized into three groups:
Healthy controls: 20 individuals
Chronic generalized periodontitis: 20 individuals
Aggressive periodontitis: 20 individuals
In whom various palmar patterns were assessed and compared with healthy controls to find a dermatoglyphic as a tool to diagnose periodontal disease.
Results: A statistically significant higher percentage of ulnar loop frequency (75%) was found in chronic periodontitis group as compared to whorls in healthy in individuals (30%) and (50%) in aggressive periodontitis (p < 0.001). Percentage of palmar tri-radii was assessed in all three groups and shown that (p = 0.334).
Conclusion: The present study revealed that dermatoglyphics plays an important role in diagnosing periodontal diseases and can be used as an indicator and diagnostic tool. Further large scale and qualitative analysis using triradius and ATD angle which is formed by the imaginary line drawn between the digital triradius (a) to the axial triradius (t) and from axial triradius to the digital triradius (d) are required to conclude that dermatoglyphics can be used as diagnostic tool.
Keywords: Dermatoglyphic Patterns; Chronic Generalized Periodontitis; Aggressive Periodontitis; Palmar Patterns
Copyright: © 2018 Savita Sambashivaiah and Punit Naidu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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