Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 4 - 2018
Medical Emergencies in Dental Practices Part II: Preparedness and Readiness of Riyadh Dentists
Nouf S Al-Hammad1*, Aljohara A Al-Hussyeen2, Latifa A Alhowaish3 and Rana Y Al-Turki 4
1Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic, Dental College, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic, Dental College, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic, Dental College, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4Orthodontic Specialist, Dental College, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Nouf S Al-Hammad, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontic, Dental College, king Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Received: February 12, 2018; Published: March 14, 2018
Citation: Nouf S Al-Hammad., et al. “Medical Emergencies in Dental Practices Part II: Preparedness and Readiness of Riyadh Dentists”. EC Dental Science 17.4 (2018): 342-352.
Abstract
Objectives: To evaluate the overall training and preparation of dentists in performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and their perceived competency to manage various medical episodes that may happen in their dental practice.
Subjects and Methods: In this cross- sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a random sample of 500 dentists working in hospitals, clinics as well as colleges of dentistry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Results: The response rate was 81.8% (409 dentist). The majority of the respondents, (95.8%), had undergone CPR training with 75.0% doing that on a two-year basis.
More than half (54.0%) stated that mock emergency drills were not carried out periodically, and more than one third (33.7%) stated no emergency kit was available in their practices. Disposable needles and suction were the most commonly highlighted (≈88.0%) equipment as present in the dental practices, while electrocardiography (ECG) monitor, laryngoscope and intravenous cannula were the most commonly reported as not present. Almost half (49.9%) of the participants were not trained in the use of such emergency resources. Hypoglycaemia was the most common emergency subjects felt able to deal with, while myocardial infarction was the most common medical emergency (62.6%) participant felt not able to manage. CPR training, and the frequency with which dentists were enrolled in CPR training demonstrated no association in relation to gender, years’ experience, dentists’ rank and dental speciality (P = > 0.05).
Conclusion: More than one third of the present investigation participants stated that there is no emergency kit available and almost half did not receive training on using the available emergency equipment. The present study’s findings show that there is a need for dentists to undergo practical training in emergency management. Basic life support skills are important and need to be regularly revised.
Keywords: Medical Emergencies; CPR; Mock Drill; Dental Practice; Competency
Copyright: © 2018 Nouf S Al-Hammad., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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