Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 1 - 2018
Prevalence of Malocclusion in a Sample of Sudanese University Students by the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need Index (IOTN)
Razan A Awad1 and Amal H Abuaffan2*
1General Dentist, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
2Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Pedodontics, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Amal H Abuaffan, Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Pedodontics, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
Received: December 06, 2017; Published: January 04, 2018
Citation: Razan A Awad and Amal H Abuaffan. “Prevalence of Malocclusion in a Sample of Sudanese University Students by the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need Index (IOTN)”. EC Dental Science 17.1 (2018): 15-22.
Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of malocclusion in a sample of Sudanese medical students, using the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN).
Materials and Methods: Digital photographs of 97 university students (43 males and 54 females) which include a lateral and anterior view, using the DHC and AC charts to analyze each photograph.
Results: AC Grade 2 being the most common grade 36 (37.1%); grades 6, 7, 9 and 10 had no students that fall under their category. DHC Grade 2 being the most common grade which was 38 (39.2%); whilst the least common grade was Grade 5 which was 1 (1%). DHC Grade 2 is the highest number of students for both genders being 22 for females and 16 for the males. The least common is Grade 5 which had no females but only one male. AC Grade 2 is the most common grade for both sexes being 21 for females and 15 for males. The least common is Grade 6, 7, 9 and 10 had no students fall under their categories. Based on aesthetically impaction, one male student falls under the grade 8 AC category. Based on present or potential dental health and functional indications, 16 students fall under the grade 4 and 5 category in DHC. From these 16 students 8 females and 7 males are a grade 4 DHC, whilst one male and no females fall under the grade 5 DHC categories.
Conclusion: One male student falls under the grade 8 AC category, in a great need of orthodontic treatment. 16 students fall under the grade 4 and 5 category in DHC. There’s one male and no females that fall under the grade 5 DHC category. Therefore they are eligible for orthodontic treatment. Students that are either Grade 2 AC or DHC do not need orthodontic treatment.
Keywords: Malocclusion; Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need Index (IOTN)
Copyright: © 2018 Razan A Awad and Amal H Abuaffan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


News and Events

Best Article of the Issue

The Editors of respective journals will elect one Best Article after each issue release and the authors of the selected article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue".

Submission Timeline for June Issue

E-Cronicon delightfully welcomes the authors for submission of novel research towards July issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before July 31, 2019.

Certification for each Publication

Corresponding Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" with all the Co-Authors included as a token of appreciation for publishing their work with respective journals.

Certifying for Review

E-Cronicon certify the Editors for their first review done towards respective journals.

Latest Articles

Recently published articles will be updated immediately after publication in respective journals.