Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 1 - 2018
Geographic Tongue: An Epidemiological Study
Wandering Rash - Wondering Facts
Purnachandrarao Naik N1*, Ravi Kiran A2, Samatha Y3, Naveenkumar B4 and Venkata Naga Vamseekrishna Kanduri5
1Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, AP, India
2Professor and HOD, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, AP, India
3Professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, AP, India
4Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, AP, India
5MPH, University of Southern Mississippi, USA
*Corresponding Author: Purnachandrarao Naik N, Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sibar Institute of Dental Sciences, Guntur, AP, India.
Received: November 23, 2017; Published: January 03, 2018
Citation: Purnachandrarao Naik N., et al. “Geographic Tongue: An Epidemiological Study”. EC Dental Science 17.1 (2018): 02-06.
Abstract
Background: Geographic Tongue is a benign disorder involving the dorsal surface of the tongue. There are very few epidemiological studies on this benign condition in the literature. The previous studies have reported relationship between geographic-tongue with different risk factors. This study was aimed to investigate the prevalence rate, associated symptoms, risk factors and awareness among the patients regarding the condition in the south Indian patients.
Methods: The study was conducted for a period of one year and the patients reported to the Department of Oral Medicine were selected. The age of the patients ranged from 12 - 80 years with a mean age of 36.51 years. The Data was collected by intraoral examination and recording detailed case history.
Result: The study comprised of 49,765 patients of which 2.09% (237 persons) suffered from geographic tongue. There was significant statistical relationship between the occurrence of geographic tongue and gender. The incidence among female patients was higher than in males. Among 237 patients only 64 (27%) of them were aware of the condition. In our study 19.8% were symptomatic and 86.9% of cases were associated with fissured tongue. All the patients with fissured tongue were symptomatic.
Conclusion: This is the first large scale epidemiological study done among South Indian population on geographic tongue. The prevalence is higher in this region and females were affected more frequently than males. Many of patients were not aware of this benign condition. The condition presented clinically in a variety of forms and was associated with inconsistent symptoms.
Keywords: Geographic Tongue; Fissured Tongue; Glossodynia; Glossopyrosis
Copyright: © 2018 Purnachandrarao Naik N., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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