Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 1 - 2020
Effect of Gender in Echocardiographic Parameters in Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Angola
Ana Feijão1, Savarino Victória Pereira1, Mário Fernandes1 and Humberto Morais2*
1Serviço de Cardiologia, Hospital Américo Boavida, Avenida Hoji Ya Henda, Luanda, República de Angola
2Departamento de Cardiologia, Hospital Militar Principal, Rua D. Manuel I, Luanda, República de Angola
*Corresponding Author: Humberto Morais, Departamento de Cardiologia, Hospital Militar Principal, Rua D. Manuel I, Luanda, República de Angola.
Received: November 12, 2019; Published: December 06, 2019

Introduction: Data addressing gender-based differences in dilated cardiomyopathy are scarce.

Purpose of the Study: This study was aimed to report the effect of gender in demographic and echocardiographic characteristics of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DMC) in Angola.

Patients and Method: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the echocardiograms of all consecutive patients with DCM presented to the echocardiographic laboratory of Hospital Américo Boavida from 2011 to 2018. Echocardiographic procedures and measurements were made according to the American Society of Echocardiography guidelines. Characteristics including age, sex, and echocardiographic parameters including left atrial area, septal and left ventricle posterior wall thickness; left ventricular diameters, and left ventricular ejection fraction, tricuspid anterior systolic excursion and E/e’ ratio were analyzed. Results: We enrolled 1431 patients with a mean age of 35,4 (± 10,0) years. 776 (54,2%) were female. Women had significantly smaller LV cavity size (67,59 ± 5,26 mm vs 70,65 ± 6,51 mm, p < 0,001), higher LVEF (28,00% ± 4,89% vs 21,52% ± 5,28%, p < 0,001), lower E/e’ ratio (14,10 ± 2,88 vs 18,47 ± 4,48, p < 0,001) and lower left atrial (LA) area (23,68 ± 2,65 cm2 vs 24,26 ± 2,74 cm2, p < 0,001).

Conclusion: Our results suggest that women with dilated cardiomyopathy have smaller left ventricles, better left ventricular systolic and diastolic function than men.

Keywords: Dilated Cardiomyopathy; Heart Failure; Echocardiography; Sex Hormones


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Citation: Humberto Morais., et al.“Effect of Gender in Echocardiographic Parameters in Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Angola”. EC Cardiology 7.1 (2020): 01-07.

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