Review Article
Volume 9 Issue 4 - 2022
Complications of Varicose Veins of the Lower Extremity: Systematic Review and Metanalysis
Nwafor IA*, Akanni BA and Obi CC
National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence (NCTCE), University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Nwafor IA, Dept of Surgery, National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence (NCTCE), University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (uNTH), Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.
Received: May 26, 2022; Published: May 30, 2022


Background: Varicose veins of the lower extremity and other body organs like oesophagus, rectum, scrotum/vulva and umbilicus are associated with a lot of complications ranging from itching, heaviness, oedema, bleeding, ulceration and a lot more. Pathogenesis and treatment modalities are not completely resolved in the literature.

Aims/Objectives: Recent reports indicate that complications of varicose veins of the lower extremities are treated medically and or surgically. Even surgically, they are treated by vascular and or plastic surgeons as well as by interventional radiologist.

Study Design: We conducted a MEDLINE search and searched all citations in the Cochrane Central Register of all the literatures published on varicose veins of the lower extremities alongside complications.

Results: The results were centered on the anatomy and physiology of venous drainage of the lower extremities, the epidemiology, aetiology or risk factors, pathogenesis or pathophysiology of varicose veins. Others included presentations, complications and approaches to varicose veins treatment using current standard aided with the cutting edge technology.

Conclusion: Varicose vein of the lower extremity alongside the complications is common. A detailed understanding of the pathophysiology will guide preventive and treatment strategies with a view to reducing the incidence of the venous disease globally'.

Keywords: Varicose Veins; Lower Extremity; Anatomy and Physiology


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Citation: Nwafor IA., et al. “Complications of Varicose Veins of the Lower Extremity: Systematic Review and Metanalysis”. EC Cardiology 9.4 (2022): 31-37.

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