Review Article
Volume 9 Issue 1 - 2022
Revisiting Anemia in Heart Failure
Mohit Singh Tandon1* and Vineeta Singh Tandon2
1Consultant Non Invasive Cardiology , MAX Smart Hospital, saket, Delhi
2Consultant Internal Medicine ,PSRI Hospital, Sheikh Sarai, Delhi
*Corresponding Author: Mohit Singh Tandon, Non Invasive Cardiology, Max SMART Hospital, Saket, India.
Received: October 19, 2021; Published: January 27, 2022


Anemia in heart failure is associated with decreased effort tolerance and increased mortality. The etiology is multifactorial including decreased erythropoietin production owing to renal dysfunction, marrow defects, drugs, and nutritional deficiencies mainly iron. Modalities of treatment in anemia have been studied intensively. Treatment with ESAs has been found to increase hemoglobin levels but without much improvement in clinical outcomes and with more adverse events like thromboembolic and ischemic strokes. Hence the routine use of ESA is not recommended. Whether anemia is the marker of the severity of heart failure or it is a therapeutic target is yet unclear. Intravenous Iron administration in patients with heart failure with iron deficiency improves symptoms and exercise capacity but long-term safety data is still awaited.

Keywords: Anemia; Heart Failure


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Citation: Mohit Singh Tandon and Vineeta Singh Tandon. “Revisiting Anemia in Heart Failure”. EC Cardiology 9.1 (2022): 03-11.

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