Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 10 - 2021
Adolescent and Adult Congenital Heart Disease in Guinea

Mamadou Dadhi Balde1,2*, Mamadou Bassirou Bah1,2, Elhadj Yaya Balde1,2, Mariama Beavogui1,2, Ibrahima Sory Barry1,2, Zakaria Diallo1, Aissatou Tiguidanké Balde1, Abdoulaye Camara1, Mama Aliou Balde1,2, Ibrahima Sory Sylla1,2, Alpha Kone A2,4, Mamadou Diallo1, Souleymane Diakite2,3, Adrien Mamy1 and Mamady Conde1

1Hôpital National Ignace Deen, Conakry, Guinea
2Faculté des Sciences et Technique de la Santé Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, Conakry, Guinea
3Service de Santé des Armées, Conakry, Guinea
4Hôpital National de Donka, Conakry, Guinea
*Corresponding Author: Mamadou Dadhi Balde, Faculté des Sciences et Technique de la Santé Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, Conakry, Guinea.
Received: August 09, 2021; Published: September 30, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: The objective of this study was to describe the clinical, echocardiographic, therapeutic and evolution aspects of adult CC in the cardiology department of the Ignace Deen National Hospital.

Methodology: This was a descriptive and retrosprospective study carried out at the Cardiology Department of the Ignace Deen National Hospital, over a period of two years and (11) months, between January 2017 to November2019. All patients with a diagnosis of congenital heart disease confirmed by cardiac Doppler echo were included in the study.

Results: We collected 30 cases of congenital heart disease during our study period. The mean age of our patients was 45.7 ± 19.56 years with extremes of 16 and 80 years. The most common age range was 26-35 years. The sex ratio M/F was 1.5. Dyspnea was the mode of revelation with a frequency of 66.67%. Cardiac Doppler Echo was our reference examination for confirmation of the diagnosis of CC. AIC predominated with a frequency of 36.67% followed by VIC 26.67%. A medical treatment was prescribed in all our patients, none benefited from the surgery. Main complications were heart failure (40%), atrial fibrillation (10%), and pulmonary arterial hypertension (36%).

Conclusion: Congenital heart disease is still discovered late in Guinea, despite improved diagnostic methods. It is imperative to design multidisciplinary strategies to ensure early detection and optimal management of these heart diseases.

 

Keywords: Congenital Heart Disease; Adolescent; Adult; Echography

References

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Citation: Mamadou Dadhi Balde., et al. “Adolescent and Adult Congenital Heart Disease in Guinea”. EC Gynaecology 8.10 (2021): 21-27.

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