Review Article
Volume 8 Issue 8 - 2021
Nicotine Addiction and Smoking Cessation Programs in Private Practice and the Public Health Sector: A Comprehensive and Practical Review of How Populations Become Addicted to Nicotine and Programs for Tobacco Smoking Cessation
Nicholas A Kerna1,2*, John V Flores3,4, Hilary M Holets3,4, Abdullah Hafid5, Kevin D Pruitt6,7, ND Victor Carsrud8, Uzoamaka Nwokorie9, Joseph Anderson II10, Sahalia Rashid11 and Zeyad Albadri12
1SMC–Medical Research, Thailand
2First InterHealth Group, Thailand
3Beverly Hills Wellness Surgical Institute, USA
4Orange Partners Surgicenter, USA
5Wayne State University, USA
6Kemet Medical Consultants, USA
7PBJ Medical Associates, USA
8Lakeline Wellness Center, USA
9University of Washington, USA
10International Institute of Original Medicine, USA
11All Saints University School of Medicine, Dominica
12Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping, Sweden
*Corresponding Author: Nicholas A Kerna, (mailing address) POB47 Phatphong, Suriwongse Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10500.
Received: July 11, 2021; Published: July 31, 2021


Nicotine in tobacco increases dopamine release, which boosts mood and provides a sense of stress release. However, tobacco's availability in numerous forms for consumption makes it difficult to control addiction—even after programs promoting the awareness of its harm to people, society, and the economy. The influence of family and friends is considered a common reason for starting a nicotine habit. Thus, even though tobacco addiction is a global problem, it is challenging to tobacco's notable economic advantages with public health concerns. The following research provides a comprehensive overview of tobacco addiction, including its history, the current situation, its impact on society and the economy, international guidelines, in-clinic, public health smoking cessation regimes and programs, and government legislation to reduce tobacco use in the general population.

Keywords: Addiction; Cancer; Cessation Programs; Nicotine; Public Health; Tobacco


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Citation: Kerna NA, Flores JV, Holets HM, Hafid A, Carsrud NDV, Nwokorie U Anderson II, Rashid S, Albadri Z. “Nicotine Addiction and Smoking Cessation Programs in Private Practice and the Public Health Sector: A Comprehensive and Practical Review of How Populations Become Addicted to Nicotine and Programs for Tobacco Smoking Cessation”. EC Cardiology 8.8 (2021): 25-37.

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