Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 8 - 2021
Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: Evolutionary and Prognostic Aspect in the Cardiology Department of the Ignace Deen National Hospital
Balde El Hadj Yaya*, Barry IS, Baldé IS, Bah MBM, Camara A, Béavogui M, Sylla IS, Baldé AT, Baldé MA, Koné A, Diakité S, Baldé MD and Condé M
Department of Cardiology, Gamal Abdel Nasser De Conakry, Guinea
*Corresponding Author: Balde El Hadj Yaya, Department of Cardiology, Gamal Abdel Nasser De Conakry, Guinea.
Received: May 03, 2021; Published: July 28, 2021


Introduction: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is encountered in practice in Guinean cardiology, although it is difficult to have reliable statistics.

Objectives: The aim was to describe the clinical and echocardiographic course and the prognosis for peripartum cardiomyopathy.

Methodology: This was a one-year prospective cohort study from March 1, 2018 to February 28, 2019.

Results: We collected 40 cases of peripartum cardiomyopathy. The hospital frequency was 7.31%. The average age was 28.40 ± 8.22 years with extremes of 16 and 44 years, the most represented group was that of 26 - 35 years. Primiparas were the most represented 32.5%. Clinical signs appeared in the postpartum in 85% of our patients, mean time to onset of symptoms was 52.75 ± 50.1 days. The mode of occurrence was that of global heart failure in the majority of patients in 90%. Echocardiography had shown dilation of the heart chambers associated with left ventricle dysfunction in all patients. Complications were dominated by thromboembolic events (12%). The treatment was that of heart failure.

We reassessed 24 patients, Six (6) cases of death were recorded and 10 patients were lost to follow-up. The evolution was marked by 58.3% of complete recovery. The mortality rate was 25%.

Conclusion: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is common in Guinean cardiology. The obstetrical prognosis is often reserved, good coverage in terms of family planning could be beneficial for the management of recurrences.

Keywords: Peripartum Cardiomyopathy; Heart Failure; Guinea


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Citation: Balde El Hadj Yaya., et al. “Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: Evolutionary and Prognostic Aspect in the Cardiology Department of the Ignace Deen National Hospital”. EC Cardiology 8.8 (2021): 11-17.

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