Literature Review
Volume 8 Issue 6 - 2021
A Review of Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease in the Middle-East Region
Neerod Kumar Jha1*, Mohammad Daud Khan2 and Ahmed Daud Khan3
1Division of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE
2Division of Paediatric Cardiology, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE
3Division of Medicine, University Hospital, Leicester, UK
*Corresponding Author: Neerod Kumar Jha, Division of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Received: April 12, 2021; Published: May 17, 2021


Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the malformation of the heart or associated large blood vessels that affects cardiac function and it is one of the leading causes of mortality in the first year of life. The prevalence of CHD have been reported several times earlier world-wide and this is an effort to summarise the available studies published so far through the literature review and compare it in order to update the recent disease trends and patterns. This review and information may be utilized by the medical professionals and health authorities for understanding the extent of CHD, better utilization and allocation of resources.

The prevalence of congenital heart disease seems to be higher in the middle-east region as compared to other countries. However, amongst the individual type of defects the ventricular septal defect is common in most of the populations followed by atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus and coarctation of the aorta. Approximately 30 percent of the defects were complex in nature in most of the published studies. One of the most important causes of variation in the prevalence of CHD in the middle-east and the developed countries could be access or availability of tertiary level care, consanguineous marriage or lack of national data service.

Keywords: Heart; Congenital; Disease; Middle-East


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Citation: Neerod Kumar Jha., et al. ““A Review of Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease in the Middle-East Region”. EC Cardiology 8.6 (2021): 29-32.

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