Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 7 - 2021
Evaluation of Cardiovascular Autonomic Functions in Healthy Adult Male Sedentary Workers
Sharmin Sultana1, ABM Morshed Goni1, Chandra Rani Sarkar1, Merina Akhter1, Nasima Khatun Runa1, Nayma Jahan1 and Ratindra Nath Mondal2*
1Rangpur Medical College, Rangpur, Bangladesh
2Society of General Physicians and Daktarkhana (GP Center), Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Ratindra Nath Mondal, Society of General Physicians and Daktarkhana (GP Center), Bangladesh.
Received: April 17, 2021; Published: June 30, 2021




Abstract

Background: Sedentary lifestyle is public health concern that threatening human health. It is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Sedentary lifestyle affect the autonomic nervous system thus cardiovascular health.

Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from January 2019 to December 2019 in the Department of Physiology, Rangpur Medical College, Rangpur. After obtaining permission, a total 120 subjects who were met the inclusion criteria was enrolled in the study after briefing them objectives of the study. Among them 30 were healthy adult male sedentary workers (Group-A), 30 healthy adult male light workers (Group-B), 30 were healthy adult male moderate workers (Group-C) and 30 were healthy adult male heavy workers (Group-D). The evaluation of cardiovascular autonomic functions of selected individuals was done by performing six simple noninvasive cardiovascular autonomic reflex tests as diagnostic tools. The individuals were selected from different areas of Rangpur district. For statistical analysis one-way ANOVA (post-Hoc) test was performed by computer-based software SPSS-23.0 version for windows. Significance for the statistical test was predetermined at a probability (p) value of < 0.05.

Results: Resting heart rate (p < 0.001), resting systolic blood pressure and resting diastolic pressure were significantly higher in group A (p < 0.01). Heart rate response to valsalva maneuver was significantly lower in group A (p < 0.01). Heart rate response to deep breathing was significantly lower in group A (p < 0.01). Heart rate response to standing was significantly lower in group A (p < 0.05). Blood pressure response to sustained handgrip was significantly lower in group A (p < 0.01). Blood pressure response to standing was not significantly lower group A (p > 0.05). Systolic blood pressure in response to cold pressor test was significantly lower in group A (p < 0.01). Diastolic blood pressure in response to cold pressor test was significantly lower in group A (p < 0.001). Among the sedentary workers 19 (63.34%) showed impaired cardiovascular autonomic nerve functions.

Conclusion: Sedentary workers exhibit modifications in the autonomic nervous system characterized by a reduction in both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity.

Keywords: Sedentary Workers; Light Workers; Moderate Workers; Heavy Workers; Autonomic Nerve Function

References

  1. Zhou Z., et al. “Reducing sedentary behavior and cardiovascular risk factor in office worker: a study protocol”. Medical and Clinical Archives1 (2018): 1-4.
  2. Inyang MP and Stella OO. “Sedentary life style: health implication”. Journal of Nursing and Health Science2 (2015): 20-25.
  3. Dustan DW., et al. “Too Much Sitting and metabolic risk -Has Modern Technology caught Up with US”. Journal of European Endocrinology1 (2010): 19-23.
  4. World health organization (WHO). Physical inactivity a leading cause of disease and disability, warns WHO (2002).
  5. Moniruzzaman M., et al. “Physical inactivity level in Bangladeshi adult result from steps survey 2010”. Journal of Public Health 137 (2016): 131-138.
  6. Matic A Cipresso P., et al. “Sedentary work style and heart rate variability: A short term Analysis”. In proceeding of the 2ndintertional workshop on computing paradigms for mental health 96-101.
  7. Hallman D M., et al. “Prolong sitting associated with attenuated heart rate variability during sleep in blue collar workers”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health11 (2015): 14811-14827.
  8. Josephine Y Chau., et al. “Sedentary Behaviour and risk of mortality from all cause and cardiometabolic diseases in adult: Evidence from HUNT3 population Cohort 49.11 (2015): 737-742.
  9. Owen N., et al. “Too much sitting: the population health science of sedentary behavior 38 (2010): 105-113.
  10. Zygmunt A and Stanczyk. “Method of evaluation of autonomic nervous system function”. Journal of Medical Science1 (2010): 11-18.
  11. Wada N., et al. “Comparism of baroreflex sensitivity with fall and rise of blood pressure induced by valsalva maneuver”. Journal of Clinical Science 127 (2014): 307-313.
  12. Marina N., et al. “Sympathetic activity and cardiovascular diseases”. Journal of Experimental Physiology 101 (2016): 565-576.
  13. Mischel NA and Muller PJ. “Inactivity dependent alternation in resting and reflex control of splanchnic sympathetic nerve activity”. Journal of Applied Physiology6 (2011): 1854-1862.
  14. Monmohon KD., et al. “Age associated change in cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity are related to central compliance”. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology 281 (2001): 284-289.
  15. SkrapariI Tentoloouris N., et al. “Baroreflex sensitivity in obesity: relationship with cardiac autonomic nervous system activity”. Journal on Obesity 189 (2007): 76-86.
  16. Morris JN., et al. “Coronary heart disease and physical activityof work”. Journal of Physiological Reacherches 265 (1953): 1111-1120.
  17. Dohrn IM., et al. “Replacing sedentary time with physical activity:a 15 years follow up of motality in a national chorot”. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 10 (2018): 179-186.
  18. Choudhary AK., et al. “Sedentary behavior in kitchen is liable to fat accumulation and cardiometabolic risk”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research1 (2016): 244-249.
  19. Ewing DJ and Clarke BF. “Diagnosis and management of diabetic autonomic neuropathy”. British Medical Journal 285 (1982): 916-918.
  20. Low PA. “Laboratory evaluation of autonomic function”. In; Low PA. Clinical autonomic disorder. 2nd ed. Newyork: Lippincott-Raven publishers (1997): 179-208.
  21. Khan N., et al. “Evaluation of autonomic function in obese and non-obese adolescents”. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Physiology 2 (2015): 195-198.
  22. Grewal S and Gupta V. “Effect of obesity on autonomic nervous system”. International Journal of Current Biological and Medical Science2 (2011): 15-18.
  23. Akintomide AO., et al. “Sex differences in cardiovascular response to handgrip exercise among apparently healthy young adult Nigerians”. Journal of Cardiology and Current Research2 (2016): 1-5.
  24. Rennie KL., et al. “Effect of moderate and vigorous physical activity on heart rate variability in british study on civil servants”. Ameriacn Journal Of Epidemiology 158 (2003): 135-143.
  25. Park JH., et al. “Association between sedentary time and cardiovascular risk factor in Korean adults”. Korean Journal of Family Medicine 39 (2018): 29-36.
  26. Mithun S., et al. “Time domain measures of heart rate variability in heavy workers”. Journal of Bangladesh Sciences Physiology2 (2011): 77-83.
  27. Toivanen H., et al. “Impact of regular relaxation training on cardiac autonomic nervous system of hospital cleaners and bank employees”. Scandinavian Journal on Work Environment Health 19 (1993): 319-325.
  28. Latre LM., et al. “Sedentary lifestyle and its relation of cardiovascular risk factors,insulin resistance and inflammatory profile”. Journal of Revesp Cardiology6 (2014): 449-455.
  29. Santos RR., et al. “Sedentary Behavior: a key component in the interaction between an integrated lifestyle Approach and cardiac autonomic function in young active Men”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (2019): 1-13.
  30. Fathima AV., et al. “A comparative study of hand grip strength among sedentary and non sedentary workers”. National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology3 (2017): 265-268.
  31. Harmer M and Stamatakis E. “Screen-based sedentary behavior, physical activity and muscle strength in longitudinal study of ageing”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health6 (2013): 622-625.
  32. Matic A Cipresso P., et al. “Sedentary work style and heart rate variability: A short term Analysis”. In proceeding of the 2nd international workshop on computing paradigms for mental health (2012): 96-101.
Citation: Ratindra Nath Mondal., et al. “Evaluation of Cardiovascular Autonomic Functions in Healthy Adult Male Sedentary Workers”. EC Cardiology 8.7 (2021): 01-16.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


November Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 15, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.