Mini Review
Volume 8 Issue 3 - 2021
Real-Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography in Evaluation of Mitral Valve Disease
Humberto Morais*
Department of Cardiology, Hospital Militar Principal/Instituto Superior, Luanda, República de Angola
*Corresponding Author: Humberto Morais, Department of Cardiology, Hospital Militar Principal/Instituto Superior, Luanda, República de Angola.
Received: January 12, 2021; Published: February 27, 2021


In sub-Saharan Africa, valvular heart disease is the third most common cause of cardiovascular disease after hypertension and cardiomyopathy and generally affects young people. In Angola, of all valve diseases, mitral valve disease is the most frequent.

Transthoracic echocardiography has been the diagnostic technique of choice for the anatomical and functional evaluation of valvular heart disease due to its high anatomical correspondence, ease of execution, availability, low cost and reduced associated risk. Two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography significantly improved cardiac anatomical details with more information when compared to transthoracic assessment. The real-time three-dimensional echocardiography, adding a new dimension, allowed to improve the visualization of the spatial relationship of the different structures and started to be performed routinely in reference echocardiography laboratories.

In this article, we intend to make a brief review of the importance of three-dimensional echocardiography in the assessment of mitral valve disease, bringing nine years of experience from the author.


Keywords: Echocardiography; Real-Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography; Mitral Valve Disease; Mitral Regurgitation; Mitral Stenosis


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Citation: Humberto Morais. “Real-Time Three-Dimensional Echocardiography in Evaluation of Mitral Valve Disease”. EC Cardiology 8.3 (2021): 44-54.

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