Research Article
Volume 8 Issue 3 - 2021
Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Sellers at Congolenses Market in Luanda, Angola
Henrique Cotchi Simbo Muela1*, Dingameno Afonso Sebastião2, Crislaine Catarina Ntonha Teixeira2, Cristela Mayamba Domingos Isidor2, Diana de Jesus do Amaral Gourgel Malamba2, Divina Lemba Augusto2, Daniela Segunda Sebastião2, Cláudio Domingos Moniz2, Daniela Capingana Cassoma2, Dizolele Vilolo Sebastião2, Dany Xavier Almeida2, Capela António Dicazeco Pascoal2, Carlos Mateus Lucamba2, Dinis Suca Manda2, Mujimbi José Viana1 and Isaura da Conceição Almeida Lopes1
1Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Agostinho Neto University, Luanda, Angola
2Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Agostinho Neto University, Luanda, Angola
*Corresponding Author: Henrique Cotchi Simbo Muela, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Agostinho Neto University, (Américo Boa Vida Hospital Backyard), Luanda, Angola.
Received: January 02, 2021; Published: February 18, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: At least two-thirds of cardiovascular deaths currently occur in low- and middle-income countries, bringing a double burden of disease to poor and developing world economies. Hypertension (HTN) is by far the commonest underlying risk factor for cardiovascular disease and increasing physical activity prevents hypertension.

Objective: To assess physical activity and blood pressure levels among sellers of the Congolenses market in Luanda, Angola.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample including 296 individuals (198 men and 98 women). Anthropometric and clinical data, clinical history of CVD, tobacco and alcohol consumption were collected. Physical activity was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The t-test for independent samples and Mann-Whitney test were used to compare variables between the groups. Bivariate correlation and multivariable analysis were performed to evaluate the association between the variables. Statistical significance was set at 5%.

Results: The two groups were similar for most variables, except for the age group in which group 1 (sedentary and irregularly active) had higher mean age compared to group 2 (37.2 ± 11.1 vs. 34.1 ± 10.2, p = 0.018). Among all hypertensive patients (95 out of 296 participants, 32.1%), only 43 (45.3%) were aware of their condition and of them 21 (48.8%) were taking medication and only 7 (33.3%) had their blood pressure under control. There was a negative correlation between physical activity and the blood pressure level with group 2 showing lower BP levels.

Conclusion: Lower levels of physical activity were associated with higher blood pressure levels among sellers at the market.

Keywords: Physical Activity; Blood Pressure Levels; Risk Factors; Cardiovascular; Sellers; Market

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Citation: Henrique Cotchi Simbo Muela., et al. “Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Sellers at Congolenses Market in Luanda, Angola”. EC Gynaecology 8.3 (2021): 04-13.

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