Literature Review
Volume 7 Issue 12 - 2020
Study about Compliance, Follow Up and Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Sudanese Patients in Khartoum State Hospitals in 2018
Bara’a Hassan Mohammed Ibrahim* and Suad Mohammed Ali
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Bara’a Hassan Mohammed Ibrahim, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.
Received: September 25, 2020; Published: November 16, 2020


Background: High blood pressure is a major risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases leading to significant life threatening complications and comorbidities, that can be prevented if the blood pressure is adjusted to the normal ranges through medications and life style changes. In addition to proper knowledge about the disease and good health seeking behavior through regular follow up visits. The new 2018 European recommendations for high blood pressure emphasized the importance of improving the patients’ compliance toward their antihypertensive therapy.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to assess the compliance to the antihypertensive therapy, the degree of commitment in this compliance, follow up behavior visits among hypertensive patients in the Khartoum State hospitals and whether their blood pressure is controlled or not at the time of the study.

Methods: The study was a hospital based case series research conducted on 212 hypertensive patients from November 2018 to December 2018.

Self-administered structured questionnaire was used including the Morisky scale questions after some modifications to fit the study, followed by blood pressure measurement, demi_span, and mid upper arm circumference measurement for BMI calculations, the blood pressure records were checked whenever there were available.

Results: The participants mean age was (Mean = 60.490 ± SD = 11.552) years (Mean ± SD). Hypertensive Sudanese patients have suboptimal compliance to their antihypertensive medications with good knowledge and average commitment toward medications compliance.

The follow up behavior approximately equal between those who regularly go for follow up and those who not.

Conclusion: The rate of suboptimal antihypertensive medications adherence is quite high, many people presented with life threatening complications. Medication adherence has to be increased in order to reach the target of blood pressure control. The importance of regular follow up visits has to be addressed with other strategies to control the comorbid diseases so as the overall level of complications decreases.

Keywords:Compliance, Antihypertensive, Follow Up, Morisky Scale, Commitment Toward Medications Compliance, Blood Pressure Control


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Citation: Bara’a Hassan Mohammed Ibrahim and Suad Mohammed Ali. “Study about Compliance, Follow Up and Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Sudanese Patients in Khartoum State Hospitals in 2018”. EC Cardiology 7.12 (2020): 13-37.

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