Mini Review
Volume 7 Issue 5 - 2020
The Importance of Oral Health Care In Children with Heart Disease
Samah Alasrawi1*, Futoun Amin2 and Younes Alesrawi3
1Pediatric Cardiologist, AlJalila Children Heart Center, Dubai, UAE
2Dentist, Syrian Health Authority, Damascus, Syria
3Dentist, Gemeinschaft Praxis Bohm and Bohm, Germany
*Corresponding Author: Samah Alasrawi, Pediatric Cardiologist, AlJalila Children Heart Center, Dubai, UAE.
Received: March 09, 2020; Published: April 10, 2020


Most common childhood disease is dental caries and it is considered as a public health concern over the world [1].

Also, the children with congenital heart defects (CHD) are at greater risk for tooth decay so it is important to give oral health good care from the early child hood [2].

  • Causes of early childhood caries (ECC)
  • High prevalence of early childhood caries in congenital heart defects (CHD)patients
  • How dose the dental caries affects the heart?
  • What is endocarditis?

Endocarditis is a rare infection can occurs when there is a sepsis, so the bacteria enter the bloodstream and travel to the is a very serious infection requiring admission to the hospital and long treatment with intravenous antibiotics.

  • The treatment plan for the pediatric cardiac patient must include the following
  • How to Prevent tooth decay at home: 12,13
  • Reduce the amount of sugar in your child diet to avoid starting the decay process.
  • Taking care of oral health by good oral hygiene, such as brushing teeth two times a day, and this will help to remove the acid made by the bacteria that causes decay.


The good oral health, and regular follow up with a dentist, can prevent our hearts from one of the most serious infection in the body.

Keywords: Oral health; Heart disease; Endocarditis


  1. Early childhood caries. Position statement. Ottawa: Canadian Dental Association (2010).
  2. da Fonseca MA., et al. “The impact of oral health on the quality of life of young patients with congenital cardiac disease”. Cardiology in the Young 3 (2009): 252-256.
  3. Tasioula V., et al. “Dental health and treatment in a group of children with congenital heart disease”. Pediatric Dentistry 4 (2008): 323-328.
  4. Hallett KB., et al. “Oral health of children with congenital cardiac diseases: a controlled study”. Pediatric Dentistry 4 (1992): 224-230.
  5. Pollard MA and Curzon ME. “Dental health and salivary Streptococcus mutans levels in a group of children with heart defects”. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2 (1992): 81-85.
  6. Driscoll DJ. “2013 College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry Annual Meeting: pediatric cardiology: an overview”. Pediatric Dentistry 5 (2013): E137-E147.
  7. Saunders CP and Roberts GJ. “Dental attitudes, knowledge, and health practices of parents of children with congenital heart disease”. Archives of Disease in Childhood 6 (1997): 539-540.
  8. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Definition of dental home. Reference Manual. Volume 38 no 6 (2015).
  9. Baltimore RS., et al. “Infective endocarditis in childhood: 2015 update: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association”. Circulation15 (2015): 1487-1515.
  10. FitzGerald K., et al. “Dental health and management for children with congenital heart disease”. Primary Dental Care 1 (2010): 21-25.
  11. Pimentel EL., et al. “Caries experience in young children with congenital heart disease in a developing country”. Brazilian Oral Research 2 (2013): 103-108.
  12. Suvarna RM., et al. “Oral health of children with congenital heart disease following preventive treatment”. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 1 (2011): 93-98.
  13. Liu Z., et al. “Counseling role of primary care physicians in preventing early childhood caries in children with congenital heart disease”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12 (2014): 12716-12725.
Citation: Samah Alasrawi., et al. “The Importance of Oral Health Care In Children with Heart Disease”. EC Cardiology 7.5 (2020): 17-20.

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