Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 3 - 2020
Effect of Horticultural Therapy in Psychopathology among Patients with Psychiatric Disorders: Depression as a Module for Clinical Study
Adamu Dalhatu1*, Idris A1, Mahfuz H2, Khadija NN3 and Rukayya H3
Department of Nursing Sciences, Medical-Surgical Unit, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Department of Nursing Sciences, Mental-and Psychiatry Health Nursing Unit, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Department of Nursing Sciences, Maternal and Child Health Unit, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Adamu Dalhatu, Department of Nursing Sciences, Medical-Surgical Unit, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
Received: January 07, 2020; Published: February 18, 2020


Background: The burden of psychopathology and mental disorder continues to grow with significant impact on health and major social, human rights and economic consequences in all countries of the world, with the depression account for the largest part which affect over 300 million people worldwide with women more affected than men.

Aim: This paper aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of horticultural therapy in the treatment of patients diagnosed depression and psychopathological conditions. The paper reviewed literature related to the effectiveness of horticultural therapy in the treatment of patients with psychopathological condition that were published both locally and internationally.

Methods: Various studies employed nonrandomized clinical trials. The DMS-IV&V scale were employed for specification of mental disorders. For pragmatic reasons, the research team conducted a nonrandomized, pretest-posttest, controlled group study in most of the reviewed papers. The horticultural therapists participated in the activities and closely observed changes in behaviors of the patients diagnosed with depression and other psychopathological conditions.

Results: The results of various reviewed papers found significantly larger improvements for the horticultural therapy group vs the control group among patients with dementia and significantly improved level of agitation, cognition and total sleep time r = 0.612, P < 0.01, r = 0.544, P = 0.000 < 0.01. On discharge, the patients were evaluated for effect size (ES) up to 0.61) within both groups. The other study demonstrated significantly larger improvements in patient diagnosed of depression for the horticultural therapy group vs the control group in SF-36 functional domains: physical (ES = 0.61 vs 0.12; P = .011); SF-36 mental health (ES = 0.46 vs 0.14; P = .032).

Conclusion: The addition of horticultural therapy to a patient with depression and other psychopathological condition results in better clinical outcomes and is considered safe and effective. Therefore, the integration of new set of nature paradigms in the management of mental disabilities in our local settings is recommended.

Keywords: Green; Care; Horticulture; Depression; Therapy


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Citation: Adamu Dalhatu., et al. “Effect of Horticultural Therapy in Psychopathology among Patients with Psychiatric Disorders: Depression as a Module for Clinical Study”. EC Cardiology 7.3 (2020): 01-10.

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