Research Article
Volume 7 Issue 3 - 2020
Analysis of Body Mass Index and Carotid Artery Thickness in Healthy Young Male Adults; Using Ultrasound Method
Kelvin Kiridi1, Michael Egbejimi2, Emily Kiridi2 and Peter Erigbali2*
1Department of Radiology, Niger Delta University, Nigeria
2Department of Human Physiology, Niger Delta University, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Peter Erigbali, Department of Human Physiology, Niger Delta University, Nigeria
Received: January 27, 2020; Published: February 10, 2020




Abstract

In view of the implication of Carotid disease in several researches, as risk factor for stroke which is a third leading cause of death in Western European countries and the association between stroke and obesity; We investigated some randomly selected healthy, young male adults’ carotid artery wall thickness and the association with Body Mass Index (BMI). The weight and height of each person was measured, and the BMI calculated using the formula Weight (kg) / [Height (m)]2. A Philips HD11 Scan machine, with 7.5 MHz linear probe was used for Carotid Doppler Test, following standard procedure. The mean BMI of the males was 21.2 ± 2.54 kg/m2, While the mean thickness of the right and left common carotid arteries (0.05 ± 0.01 and 0.05 ± 0.01) respectively, when compared showed no difference, P < 0.05. The result of the correlation analysis between BMI and right common carotid artery showed that correlation coefficient r = 0.1, and that between BMI and left common carotid artery showed that correlation coefficient r = 0.1. Thus, the findings imply that the study sample had healthy weight or normal BMI, and there was no difference in thickness between right and left common carotid arteries. Also, BMI is positively correlated with the left and right carotid arteries thickness. However, the association is a weak one, therefore it may be inferred that when BMI increases beyond a healthy normal weight, the right and left carotid arteries may also increase in thickness, but factors other than BMI could possibly contribute to the thickening of common carotid artery walls.

Keywords: BMI; Weight; Height; Carotid Artery; Stroke; Obesity

Citation: Peter Erigbali.,et al. “Analysis of Body Mass Index and Carotid Artery Thickness in Healthy Young Male Adults; Using Ultrasound Method”. EC Cardiology 7.3 (2020): 01-04.

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