Research Article
Volume 5 Issue 8 - 2018
Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Risk Profile in Cameroon: A Cross-Sectional Study in a Sub-Saharan African (SSA) Setting
Liliane Mfeukeu-Kuate1,3*, Ahmadou Musa Jingi2,3, Jerome Boombhi1,5, Edvine Wawo Yonta1, Jean Jacques Noubiap2,4, Ba Hamadou1,Chris Nadège Nganou-Gnindjio1,3, Clovis Nkoke6, Sylvie Ndongo Amougou1, Aurel T Tankeu1, Alain Patrick Menanga1,5, Eugène Sobngwi1,2,3 and Samuel Kingue1,5
1Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties. Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1, Cameroon
2African Diabetes Academy (D2A), Cameroon Group, Cameroon
3National Obesity Centre, Yaoundé Central Hospital, Yaoundé; Cameroon
4Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
5Cardiology Unit, Yaoundé General Hospital, Yaoundé Cameroon
6Internal Medicine Department, Buea Regional Hospital, Buea, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Liliane Mfeukeu-Kuate, Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé 1, Cameroon.
Received: July 11, 2018; Published: July 30, 2018
Citation: Liliane Mfeukeu-Kuate., et al .“Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Risk Profile in Cameroon: A Cross- Sectional Study in a Sub-Saharan African (SSA) Setting”. EC Cardiology 5.8 (2018): 596-605.
Abstract
Background:For the treatment of hypertension, a fixed dose combination (FDC) tablet of bisoprolol and amlodipine in four strengths was developed for patients, whose blood pressure can be adequately controlled by simultaneously given amlodipine and bisoprolol of the same doses.
Methodology:We carried out a cross-sectional study in a population of adults ≥ 18 years, working in a local enterprise between October and November 2016. The WHO STEPwise approach for epidemiological surveillance of chronic non-communicable diseases was used to this end.
Results:A total of 236 participants were screened for MetS and assessed for cardiovascular risk profile. The study population consisted of 137 (58.1%, [95% CI: 51.5 - 64.4]) males. Their mean age was 45.5 ± 10.6 years ranging from 23 to 62 years. MetS was present in 97 (41.1%, [95% CI: 35 - 47.5) of the participants. The average number of risk factors per participant was 2.2 ± 1.2, and ranged from 0 to 5 risk factors. The average 10-year risk was 11.6 ± 9.8%, and this was significantly higher in men. The 10-year risk was very high in 116 (49.2%, [95% CI: 42.8 - 55.5]) participants.
Conclusion:Metabolic syndrome is frequent in professional milieu in our context with, and close to half of individuals present a very high 10-Year risk profile.
Keywords: Prevalence; Metabolic Syndrome; Cardiovascular Risk; Cameroon; Africa
Copyright: © 2018 Liliane Mfeukeu-Kuate., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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