Short Communication
Volume 5 Issue 9 - 2022
Strengthening the Ability of Sudan Ministry of Health and their Partners to Respond to Epidemics
Salaheldin Mubarak Elkhalifa*
Public Health Consultant, Medical Entomologist, Ministry of Health/Sudan, Public Health Pests Laboratory/Jeddah, Scientific Consultant, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Salaheldin Mubarak Elkhalifa, Public Health Consultant, Medical Entomologist, Ministry of Health/Sudan, Public Health Pests Laboratory/Jeddah, Scientific Consultant, Sudan.
Received: August 08, 2022; Published: August 12, 2022




Over the last few decades, many outbreaks and epidemics have been reported in the Region with the potential for global spread, including avian influenza A (H5N1), Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, monkey pox, Crimean - Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue, chikungunya and cholera. Most of these outbreaks were not detected early due to weak surveillance, lack of a functional laboratory network, inadequate human and other resources, and the lack of technical and managerial capacities.

References

  1. A strategic framework for emergency preparedness (2017).
  2. Strategic framework for the prevention and control of emerging and epidemic-prone infectious diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 2019-2023 (2020).
  3. Sudan, Federal Ministry of Health (SFMOH). Annual Statistical Reports (2017-2018), Statistical Information Unit, Khartoum. Sudan (2019).  
  4. Emergency response framework. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland (2013).
  5. WHO-WPR. Emergency Response Manual. Guidelines for WHO Representatives and Country Offices in the Western Pacific Region. Manilla, Philippines (2003).
  6. National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH). Public Health Emergency Response Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Public Health Directors (2011).
  7. S. Department of Health and Human Services Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (2018). Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Capabilities: National Standards for State, Local, Tribal, and Territorial Public Health. Atlanta, GA: U.S (2018).
  8. A strategic framework for emergency preparedness (2017).
  9. WHO/EMRO. Strategic framework for the prevention and control of emerging and epidemic-prone infectious diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 2019-2023 (2020).
  10. Buliva E., et al. “Emerging and re-emerging diseases in the World Health Organization (WHO) Eastern Mediterranean Region-progress, challenges, and WHO initiatives”. Front Public Health 5 (2017): 276.
  11. Naeema Al-Gasseer., et al. “Countrywide Outbreak of Acute Watery Diarrhea in Sudan, 2016 - 2018”. EC Emergency Medicine and Critical Care5 (2019): 274-284.
  12. Hassan E El Bushra., et al. “(Outbreak of Chikungunya Fever in Sudan, 2018-2019”. JOJ Public Health3 (2019): 555644.
  13. Nadar K and Yassa F. “Containment of the acute watery diarrhea outbreak in Sudan: the WASH side of the story”. IN: Shaw, R.J. (edition). Transformation towards sustainable and resilient WASH services: Proceedings of the 41st WEDC International Conference, Nakuru, Kenya, Paper 2935 (2018): 8.
Citation: Salaheldin Mubarak Elkhalifa. “Strengthening the Ability of Sudan Ministry of Health and their Partners to Respond to Epidemics”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 5.9 (2022): 37-43.

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