Review Article
Volume 4 Issue 11 - 2021
Star Anise: A Purported Antiviral Herb with Numerous Associated Health Benefits
Nicholas A Kerna1,2*, Joseph Anderson II3, Kevin D Pruitt4,5, John V Flores6,7, Mary Ann Christy Ortigas8, ND Victor Carsrud9, Hilary M Holets6,7, Raymond Nomel10, Uzoamaka Nwokorie11 and Dorathy Nwachukwu12
1SMC–Medical Research, Thailand
2First InterHealth Group, Thailand
3International Institute of Original Medicine, USA
4Kemet Medical Consultants, USA
5PBJ Medical Associates, LLC, USA
6Beverly Hills Wellness Surgical Institute, USA
7Orange Partners Surgicenter, USA
8University of Nevada, USA
9Lakeline Wellness Center, USA
10All Saints University, College of Medicine, St. Vincent and the Grenadines
11University of Washington, USA
12Georgetown American University, Guayana
*Corresponding Author: Nicholas A Kerna, (mailing address) POB47 Phatphong, Suriwongse Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10500.
Received: September 13, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021




Abstract

Star anise belongs to the Schisandraceae family. About 166 varieties exist, and 42 species are grown in the tropics of East Asia and Southeast Asia. Many beneficial effects of star anise have been established, including ameliorating the symptoms of rheumatism and joint pain, warding off insects (insect repellant), lessening cold and flu symptoms, and potentially acting as an antioxidant against reactive oxygen species (ROS), reducing oxidative stress, inhibiting apoptosis, preventing DNA damage, and expressing a DPPHH radical scavenging effect.

Following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, star anise has been used as a natural immune-booster and antiviral in teas and aerosol sprays. (Star anise oil is used for fragrance in soap, cosmetics, and perfume manufacturing.) However, more in-depth and extensive research needs to be conducted, investigating the efficacy of star anise’s purported beneficial properties. This review discusses the distinctions between the varieties of anise, indications and beneficial effects, modes of application and administration, and contraindications and precautions.

Keywords: Antifungal; Antiviral; Carcinopreventive; Herbal Remedy; Herpes Simplex; Immune Response; Prophylaxis

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Citation: Kerna NA, Anderson II J, Pruitt KD, Flores JV, Ortigas MAC, Carsrud NDV, Holets HM, Nomel R, Nwokorie U, Nwachukwu D. “Star Anise: A Purported Antiviral Herb with Numerous Associated Health Benefits”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 4.12 (2021): 63-73.

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