Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 9 - 2021
Educational Intervention for the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescents. Mixed School. 2019 - 2020
Damarys Chacón O'farrill1 and Alba Cortes Alfaro2*
1Assistant Professor, Luis Augusto Turcios Lima Polyclinic, Mayabeque, Cuba
2Assistant Ressearcher, Assistant Professor, National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology, Havana, Cuba
*Corresponding Author: Alba Cortes Alfaro, Assistant Researcher, Assistant Professor, National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology, Havana, Cuba.
Received: July 08, 2021; Published: August 28, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Adolescence is a stage of biopsychosocial changes, it is considered a vulnerable group because risky sexual behaviors are observed, with an increase in Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Objective: Develop an educational intervention on sexually transmitted infections in adolescents in a co-school.

Method: Study of quasi-experimental educational intervention pre-test-post test without control group in seventh grade students of the Manuel Azcunce Domenech Mixed School Center during the 2019 - 2020 school year, San José de las Lajas, Mayabeque province.

Results: Prior educational intervention, there was difficulty in identifying sexually transmitted infections, clinical manifestations, routes of transmission and their consequences. Deficiency in condom use. They did not perceive the vulnerability of infection with the first sexual intercourse, of unprotected sex and that the contagion is independent of biological sex or sexual orientation. They think that all sick people are diagnosed and followed by the health system. Post-intervention significantly raises all the results of the studied variables.

Conclusion: Knowledge, risk perception and beliefs towards STIs-HIV/AIDS were raised, considering the applied educational intervention as effective.

Keywords: Adolescence; STI-HIV/AIDS; Educational Intervention

References

  1. Cruz Sánchez F., et al. “Childcare in adolescence”. Havana: Ministry of Public Health (2014): 15-16.
  2. Cruz Sánchez F., et al. “Childcare in adolescence”. Havana: Ministry of Public Health (2014): 17-18.
  3. Cruz Sánchez F., et al. “Adolescencia. Pediatrics”. Havana: Medical Sciences (2011).
  4. Guerrero Borrego N and Pérez Enríquez M. “Educación Integral de la sexualidad en la infancia, adolescencia y juventud. Conceptual approach”. In Guerrero Borrego N. Reflections and looks on sexuality in childhood, adolescence and youth. Havana: CENESEX (2016): 21.
  5. Health and Sexual Habits. INE figures. Newsletter of the National Institute of Statistics (2020).
  6. Rodríguez Romero E M., et al. “Renato Almaguer Bosch. Sexuality and Adolescence”. Journal Review Electron 2 (2018).
  7. Communion Artieda A. “Sexually transmitted infections in the adolescent, what the primary pediatrician should know”. Update in Pediatrics (2018): 201-207.
  8. World Health Organization. Sexually Transmitted Infections (2016).
  9. World Health Organization. Sexually transmitted infections. Fact Sheet (2016): 110.
  10. World Health Organization. Dealing with HIV in adolescence (2013).
  11. Bruni L., et al. “Global estimates of human papillomavirusvaccinationcoveragebyregion and incomelevel: a pooledanalysis”. The Lancet Global Health7 (2016): e453-e463.
  12. Adolescents from Latin America and the Caribbean speak out against HIV Conclusion of the 1st meeting of Latin America and the Caribbean of Adolescents (2020).
  13. Statistical Yearbook of Health. Ministry of Public Health (2017).
  14. LAnschuetz GL., et al. “Determining risk markers for gonorrhea and clamidial infection and reinfection among adolescents in public high schools”. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 36 (2019): 4-8.
  15. WHO recommendations on adolescent sexual and reproductive health and rights (2018).
  16. Araujo Gonzales R. “Vulnerability and risk in health: Two concomitant concepts? News in population. Center for Demographic Studies (2015).
  17. Geneva: WHO. Adolescents: health risks and solutions (2017).
  18. Draft outcome document of the UN summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda”. PAHO/WHO (2015).
  19. Morales Ojeda R. “Universal health coverage. Cuban experience (2020).
  20. Casanova Fabelo L and EstevezGarcia KR. “Cuba in the post-2015 educational agenda”. Rev Studio 20 (2016): 28-40.
  21. Cortés Alfaro A., et al. “Methodology for the prevention of STIs-HIV/AIDS in adolescents and young people. National Centre for STI/HIV/AIDS Prevention”. Editorial Lazo Adentro. Havana (2006).
  22. Sexuality Education Program with a Gender and Sexual Rights Focus in the national education system. Ministerial Resolution No.139/2011. Ministry of Education, Havana (2012).
  23. Bermúdez Gonzales MaM., et al. “Tools of social communication in sexual and reproductive health for work with adolescents. Cuba: Editorial Molinos Trades S. A (2011).
  24. International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education An evidence-based approach aimed at schools, teachers and health educators (2010).
  25. Pioneer Magazine. Editorial Abril. Havana 223 (2018).
  26. "I count on you" Selection of stories on the prevention of STIs-HIV/AIDS. National Centre for the Prevention of STIs-HIV/AIDS (2012).
  27. "Let's be clear about sexuality. Guide for teenagers". Second edition. National Centre for the Prevention of STIs/HIV/AIDS. Havana (2009).
  28. "Loop in". National Centre for the Prevention of STIs-HIV/AIDS 10 (2016).
  29. Artiles Visbal L., et al. “Research methodology for health sciences”. Editorial Ciencias Médicas. Havana (2008).
  30. Álvarez Mesa MI., et al. “Factors related to the spread of sexually transmitted infections in adolescence”. Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas 2 (2014).
  31. Vaillant Correoso M., et al. “Prevention of pregnancy in adolescents”. Revista Cubana de Enfermería 2 (2012).
  32. Rivero Pino R. “Masculinities. Historical-Social Essay”. Editorial CENESEX (2016): 229-232.
  33. Rodríguez Cabrera A., et al. “Educational strategy on sexual and reproductive health promotion for adolescents and young university students”. Revista Cubana de Salud Pública1 (2013): 34.
  34. Domínguez García L. “Adolescence and youth as stages of personality development. Different conceptions around the determination of its limits and regularities. "Developmental Psychology: Adolescence and Youth". Editorial "Félix Varela". Havana, Cuba (2003).
  35. Chacón O’farrill D and Cortés Alfaro A. “Intervention for the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescents”. Biomedical Journal of Scientific and Technical Research5 (2019).
  36. Dominguez Garcia L. “The communication system in the stages of adolescence and youth: relationships with adults. Editorial "Félix Varela". Havana, Cuba (2003).
  37. Arés Muzio P. “Family and society”. In: Family psychology. Contribution of psychology to family studies. An approach to your study. Havana. Editorial Félix Varela (2002): 9-32.
  38. Domínguez García L. “Influence of the family on adolescent sexuality”. Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología 3 (2011): 35.
  39. O`farrill DC and Alfaro AC. “Educationalinterventionfortheprevention of sexuallytransmittedinfections in basicsecondaryteachers”. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 5 (2020): 307-314.
  40. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. United Nations General Assembly on HIV/AIDS. Summary of the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2017): 25-27.
  41. Calero Yera E., et al. “Approach to sexuality in adolescence”. Review Hum Medicine 3 (2017): 577-592.
Citation: Damarys Chacón O'farrill and Alba Cortes Alfaro. “Educational Intervention for the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescents. Mixed School. 2019 - 2020”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 4.9 (2021): 09-18.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


December Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the December issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 17, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk