Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 1 - 2021
Effect of Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors in Nutritional Status of People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Enrolled in Antiretroviral Therapy in Khartoum State - Sudan
Afnan Abdelhiem Mohamed Elmgboul1, Mubarak Musa Abdullah Haseep1*, Rafiah Awad Mohamed Adam1 and Salah Ahmed MA Abdallah2
1Department of Nutrition, faculty of Science and Technology, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
22Deptepment of Biotechnology faculty of Science and Technology, Omdurman Islamic University. Omdurman, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Mubarak Musa Abdullah Haseep, Department of Nutrition, faculty of Science and Technology, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan.
Received: November 11, 2020; Published: December 30, 2020




Abstract

Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is responsible for the occurrence of a disease that known Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are highly prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa, that weakens the immune system to such a degree that it is no longer able to fight off infections, otherwise harmless to healthy individuals.

Aim: The aim of this study is to assessment demographic and socio-economic factors in Nutritional Status of AIDS patients enrolled in Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) in Khartoum State - Sudan.

Methodology: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was carried out at all (ART) centers in Khartoum State. The study population involved adult AIDS patients who are currently on Antiretroviral (ARV) therapy for period not less than six months. 301 participants were included in this study through a systematic randomization selection, and participants were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Collecting data included demographic and socio-economic characteristics of participants, their nutritional anthropometry based on body mass index BMI, dietary intake assessment and hemoglobin (Hb) were reported. Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20 was used for data entry and analysis.

Results: The results showed that 56.5% of the participants were males, and 61.5% were in the age group 30 to less than 40 years, 44% were married, about two thirds(65.2%) had low level of education, and 46.8% were of low socio- economic status. Concerning nutritional status the data indicated that mean BMI was (23.55 ± 4.13) for females compared to (22.94 ± 3.68) for the males; and (23.21 ± 3.9) for all. 50.8% of the participants had normal BMI, and 33.3% were overweight. Significant relationship between nutritional status BMI and participants’ gender was found (P-value 0.031). Males are more likely to be under weight than females who showed tendency for being overweight and obese. Hemoglobin levels also were found to be significantly associated with the gender of the participants (P-value 0.001) and nutrition status (0.000), as more than two thirds 67.1% of males were anemic compared to less than half 49.2% of the females, and participants with low BMI are more likely to be anemic compared to those with normal or high BMI.

Conclusion: Although the study showed that the majority of participants were anemic, but the positive effect of treatment was reflected on the BMI, thus combination of antiretroviral treatment and provision of good nutritional services is expected to improve the quality of life of (PLHIV) in Sudan through decreasing morbidity and mortality. In addition, nutritional status assessment and nutritional therapy should be considered as an integral part of the HIV care and treatment program in the country.

Keywords: Nutrition Status; HIV; AIDS; BMI; Hb; Socio- Economic

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Citation: Mubarak Musa Abdullah Haseep., et al. “Effect of Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors in Nutritional Status of People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Enrolled in Antiretroviral Therapy in Khartoum State - Sudan”.EC Clinical & Medical Case Reports 4.1 (2021): 09-23.

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