Review Article
Volume 3 Issue 12 - 2020
An Approach to the Management of Abnormal Vaginal Discharge in Unani System of Medicine: A Review
Anjum AA1*, Tabassum K2 and Bano S3
1Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Government Unani Medical College, Bangalore, India
2Reader, Department of OBG, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India
3Principal, Government Unani Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore, India
*Corresponding Author: Anjum AA, Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Government Unani Medical College, Bangalore, India.
Received: October 12, 2020; Published: November 28, 2020


Abnormal Vaginal discharge is one of the commonest complaints in women attending the Sexually Transmitted Disease [STD] clinics, gynaecology clinics, general practitioners and reproductive health clinics. For ages the term VD has been used synonymously with Leucorrhoea.

In classical Unani literature leucorrhoea is mentioned under the heading of Sayalan-al-Rahim. It is due to weakness of quwat-e-ghazia, jazibaand masika of uterus. Weakness of these quwat causes accumulation of waste material in the uterus and expel in the form of abnormal vaginal discharge. The discharge may be damvior balghami or safravior saudavi. Unani system of medicine advocates the treatment of this disease by changing lifestyle, adapting the hygienic conditions and administration of appropriate medicine.

Unani drugs are in use since ages because of its holistic approach. For the management of a disease, Unani system of medicine takes entire constitution of the individual and lifestyle into account for diagnosing and prescribing the treatment. Current modern therapy advocates the use of antibacterial and antimicrobial which though effective produces adverse effects in the human body. In Unani system of medicine number of muffarad (Single) and murrakab (Compound) drugs are available for treating Sayalan al Rahim. Treatment goals encompass not only the amelioration of sign and symptoms of Sayalan al Rahim, but also prevention of adverse health outcomes, adverse pregnancy outcomes and long-term reproductive sequelae. Single drugs such as Salab Misri, Arade Moong, Tabasheer, Tukhme Khurfa, Mastagi and Kundurwas as they exhibit the properties of Habis [Styptic], Qabiz [Astringent], Muhallil Auram [Anti-inflammatory], Jaali [Detergent], Dafe Taffun [Anti septic], Muqawi Jigar aur Meda [Tonic to liver and stomach], Musammin badan [Nutritive] and Mumsik [Retentive] etc. Further, these drugs contain flavonoids, tannins, steroids, lactic acid, and phenolic acids which probable may reduce the inflammation and helps in relieving sign and symptoms of Sayalan al Rahim. This review paper reveal about abnormal vaginal discharge in detail.

Keywords: Abnormal Vaginal Discharge; Leucorrhoea; Sailan Ur Rehm; Unani Medicine; Management


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