Review Article
Volume 3 Issue 11 - 2020
Review of Challenges in the Commercialization of Stem Cell Research Technologies
Shoeb Ahmed Ilyas*
Research Scholar, Centre for Economic and Social Studies, Begumpet, Hyderabad, India
*Corresponding Author: Shoeb Ahmed Ilyas, Research Scholar, Centre for Economic and Social Studies, Begumpet, Hyderabad, India.
Received: August 13, 2020; Published: October 19, 2020




Abstract

Stem cell technology, due to its high potential, is experiencing rapid growth in practical therapeutic applications. How patents affect the stem cell research industry continues to remains in chaos. The patent system’s main aim is to promote creativity by giving the patent proprietor a provisional monopoly over the patented invention. Patent security is a key factor that influences the creation and commercial success of innovations in the regenerative medicine and life sciences. Biomedicine innovation in stem cell research demands balance between the various stakeholder interests. This paper explores etiological factors contributing to the current problems of patentability of human stem cell-based innovations in the stem cell research market.

Keywords: Stem Cell Research; Stem Cell Technology; Patent System; Biomedicine Innovations

References

  1. “Funding Stem Cell Research: The Convergence of Science”. Religion and Politics in the Formation of Public Health Policy (2011): 12.
  2. Robertson JA. “Embryo stem cell research: ten years of controversy”. The Journal of Law Medicine and Ethics 2 (2010): 191-203.
  3. Hoppe N and Denoon A. “An ethical framework for expanded access to cell-based therapies”. Regenerative Medicine3 (2011): 273-275.
  4. Andersson AK. “Embryonic stem cells and property rights”. The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (2011): 221-242.
  5. Pardo R and Calvo F. “Attitudes toward embryo research, worldviews, and the moral status of the embryo frame”. Science Communication 1 (2008): 8-47.
  6. Brock DW. “Creating embryos for use in stem cell research”. The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 2 (2010): 229-237.
  7. Hoppe N and Denoon A. “An ethical framework for expanded access to cell-based therapies”. Regenerative Medicine3 (2011): 273-275.
  8. Euro Stem Cell Film “Conversations: science, ethics, stem cells”. Euro Stem Cell (2006).
  9. Neri D. “The Race Toward „Ethically Universally Acceptable‟ Human Pluripotent (Embryonic-Like) Stem Cells: Only a Problem of Sources?” Bioethics5 (2011): 260-266.
  10. Hug K and Hermerén G. “Do we Still Need Human Embryonic Stem Cells for Stem Cell-Based Therapies? Epistemic and Ethical Aspects”. Stem Cell Reviews and Reports4 (2011): 761-774.
  11. Condic ML., et al. “Ontological and Ethical Implications of Direct Nuclear Programming: Response to Magill and Neaves”. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal1 (2009): 33-40.
  12. Tran JL. “Patenting Bioprinting”. Harv. J.L. and Tech. Digest (Symposium) (2015).
  13. Wilkinson R. "The Governance of Genetic Information: Who Decides? (Publication Review)”. Medical Law Review2 (2010): 267-273.
  14. Schwartz RM and Minssen T. “Life after Myriad: the uncertain future of patenting biomedical innovation and personalized medicine in an international context”. Intellectual Property Quarterly 3 (2015): 189-241.
  15. Davey S., et al. “Interfacing of science, medicine and law: The stem cell patent controversy in the United States and the European Union”. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology 3 (2015): 71.
  16. Kariyawasam K., et al. “Legal implications and patentability of human stem cells: Australia and Japan compared”. Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice3 (2015): 198-209.
  17. Farrand B. “Human embryonic stem cells and patent law in the EU and China: convergence in standards through divergence in institutions”. Intellectual Property Quarterly 3 (2016): 260-277.
  18. Levine AD. “Access to human embryonic stem cell lines”. Nature Biotechnology 12 (2011): 1079-1081.
  19. Mathews DJH., et al. “Access to stem cells and data: persons, property rights, and scientific progress”. Science 6018 (2011): 725-727.
Citation: Shoeb Ahmed Ilyas. “Review of Challenges in the Commercialization of Stem Cell Research Technologies”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 3.11 (2020): 12-15.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


April Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the April issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for upcoming Issue

Ecronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before April 22, 2021.

Certificate of Publication

Ecronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

Ecronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.

Immediate Assistance

The prime motto of this team is to clarify all the queries without any delay or hesitation to avoid the inconvenience. For immediate assistance on your queries please don't hesitate to drop an email to editor@ecronicon.uk