Review Article
Volume 3 Issue 6 - 2020
The Narrative Review on Dilated Cardiomyopathy and it’s Management
Karthikeyan Lakshmanan1*, Hari Baskar2, Shazia Inayath Khatoon3, Shareefa Habeeba3, Mukilan D4, Nazima Fatima3, Noor US Sabah3, Mohammad Gayoor Khan5 and Umama Yezdani3
1Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Pharmacy, KMCH College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
3Department of Pharmacy Practice, MRM College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4Department of Pharmacy Practice, Vels Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
5Department of Pharmacy, Truba Institute of Pharmacy, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Karthikeyan Lakshmanan, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry College of Pharmacy, Madras Medical College, Chennai Tamil Nadu, India.
Received: April 29, 2020; Published: May 08, 2020




Abstract

It is a condition in which the heart becomes enlarged and does not able to pump blood effectively. In this heart muscles are affected. This can also be describes as left ventricular or biventricular dilation and impaired contraction that is not explained by abnormal loading conditions. About 1 in 2,500 people are affected by this disease. This is caused due to genetics, diabetes, obesity, arrhythmias, alcohol, cocaine, certain toxins, and inflammation of myocardium due to some infection. It is thought to be an autoimmune disease. Coronary artery disease and high blood pressure may also be some of the causes but the actual cause is still not conformed.

In some cases, the symptoms may not be seen but in cases where symptoms appear and they vary from leg swelling, shortness of breath, chest pain, fainting and feeling tired. This may lead to many complications like irregular heartbeat, heart failure and heart valve disease. This can be diagnosed by different procedures like electrocardiogram, X ray, blood tests, excise stress test, CT or MRI scan, cardiac catheterization, genetic screening, counseling.

The management of dilated cardiomyopathy can be done by non-pharmacological, pharmacological and surgical procedures. The treatment through drugs can be done by the use of ACE inhibitors, diuretics, beta blockers and blood thinners can also be used. Different implantable devices are also used. Some dietary and lifestyle changes should also be done for the prevention of this.

This is a type of disease which is life threatening and is a cause of various other conditions and may even lead to many other life threatening conditions. This condition is extremely unpredictable and therapy is very complex and early diagnosis is needed to avoid further complications and proper treatment is necessary.

Keywords: Cardiomyopathy; Biventricular Dilation; Irregular Heartbeat; Management

Citation: Karthikeyan Lakshmanan., et al. “The Narrative Review on Dilated Cardiomyopathy and it’s Management”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 3.6 (2020): 40-48.

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