Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 5 - 2020
Relationship between Lifestyle and Prevalence of Colorectal Cancer at Ocean Road Cancer Institute, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Emmanuel Mduma1*, Faraji Daniel Mtango2 and Mamsau Ngoma3
1Resident, Department of Clinical Oncology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Tanzania
2Epidermiologist and Head of Department, Department of Community Medicine, International Medical and Technological University, Tanzania
3Clinical Oncologist, Academic Unity, Ocean Road Cancer Institute, Tanzania
*Corresponding Author: Emmanuel Mduma, Resident, Department of Clinical Oncology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Tanzania.
Received: March 19, 2020; Published: April 17, 2020




Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most deadly and fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world with nearly 2 million new cases in 2018. Colorectal Cancer incidence has been steadily rising worldwide, especially in developing countries that are adopting the “western” way of life.

Aim of the Study: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of colorectal cancer in relation to lifestyle of the patients admitted in the wards at Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI).

Materials and Methods: Cross sectional study, conducted at Ocean road Cancer Institute in 2016 and reviewed on 2020 among 30 admitted patients with Colorectal Cancer. Data was collected in a form of questionnaire and analyzed by Scientific Package for Social Sciences.

Results: A total of 30 patients were identified by reading their case notes, 19 (63.33%) male and 11 (36.67%) female. Diseased person was found at the age of 38 - 57 years, 14 (46.67) and 58 and above years, 16 (53.33%). From the study, risk increase as you get older. Among seven risk factors discussed in this study using alcohol and frequently taking of red meat was found in 80 % of study cases.

Conclusion: Among 30 patients investigated, majority used red meat, alcohol and low fiber diet. The incidence is high in male compare to female and also high to 58 years and above compared to other age group.

Recommendations: Prevalence of Colorectal Cancer can be reduced by leaving health life. Preventive methods are not only cheaper but are also better than cure. People should change their lifestyle to reduce the risk of developing Colorectal Cancer.

Keywords: Lifestyle; Colorectal Cancer; Ocean Road Cancer Institute

References

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Citation: Emmanuel Mduma., et al. “Relationship between Lifestyle and Prevalence of Colorectal Cancer at Ocean Road Cancer Institute, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 3.5 (2020): 62-66.

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