Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 4 - 2020
Educational Intervention for the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Ninth Grade Students
Alba Cortes Alfaro1* and Damarys Chacón O’farrill2
11st and 2nd Degree Specialist in School Hygiene. Master in Epidemiology. Diploma in HIV / AIDS. Assistant Professor and Researcher. National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology. School Health Department, Havana, Cuba
2First-Degree specialist in Gynecology, Master’s Degree in Integral Care for Women, Assistant Professor, Polyclinic Luis Augusto Turcios Lima, Mayabeque, Cuba
*Corresponding Author: Alba Cortes Alfaro, 1st and 2nd Degree Specialist in School Hygiene. Master in Epidemiology. Diploma in HIV / AIDS. Assistant Professor and Researcher. National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology. School Health Department, Havana, Cuba.
Received: January 10, 2020; Published: March 18, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: sexually transmitted infections (STIs) represent serious health problems. Cuba does not escape this situation; educational work is required as a preventive method. 

Objective: to assess the impact of educational intervention to prevent STIs through the variables: knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and perception of risk in the experimental group after educational intervention compared to the control group. 

Method: study of quasi-experimental educational intervention with control group. The universe made up of 168 9th graders from the José José Oviedo Basic High School, San José de las Lajas, during the 2017 - 2018 academic year. The sample selected through the simple random method totaled 62 students. It is used to collect questionnaire information from the National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology, School Health Department. Statistical processing was performed by comparison of proportions and contrast test of Wilcoxon ranges. The intervention was carried out through 15 sessions.

Results: 80% of the students intervened raised knowledge about STIs, attitudes and perception of risk rose by 90 - 83% respectively, beliefs by 67%.

Subvariants: clinical manifestations, condom use and STI consequences (93, 93 and 100 % respectively), females demonstrated greater knowledge about STI transmission pathways (80%).

Conclusion: Knowledge of sTIs post-educational intervention is significantly elevated in the experimental group. The variables attitude, belief and perception of risk post intervention were positively modified and is effective.

Keywords: Adolescence; STI/HIV/AIDS; Educational Intervention

References

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Citation: Alba Cortes Alfaro and Damarys Chacón O’farrill. “Educational Intervention for the Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Ninth Grade Students”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 3.4 (2020): 42-51.

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