Volume 3 Issue 4 - 2020
Current Role of 3-D Printing in Orthopaedics
RB Kalia*
Additional Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, India
*Corresponding Author: RB Kalia, Additional Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, India.
Received: December 24, 2019; Published: March 02, 2020

Three-dimensional (3d) printing is a technical revolution that might significantly change the way we treat patients in Orthopaedics. Off the shelf implants and prosthesis are available for the majority of Orthopaedic procedures. For a small number of procedures no implantable prosthesis may be available.

3D printed implants and prosthesis are revolutionising the reconstruction of complex bony defects encountered during revision hip and knee surgery. Even larger defects are encountered during excision of bone tumours and 3D printed prosthesis have a major role in these difficult scenarios. This manufacturing method is based on 3D computer models for the reconstruction of a 3D object by the addition of material layers such as plaster, metal, plastic, etc [1]. The concept of 3D printing actually began as “stereolithography” in the early 1980s. Charles W. Hull started commercial production of the first 3D printers for Commercial applications in 1988 [2]. Stereolithography enables the creation of an object, usually by curing a photoreactive resin with a ultraviolet laser in a layer-by-layer fashion. Since then, different 3D printing processes have been developed for many applications; in the field of medicine, the numbers of applications has seen an exponential rise since the last two decades [3].


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  2. Gross BC., et al. “Evaluation of 3D printing and its potential impact on biotechnology and the chemical sciences”. Analytical Chemistry 86 (2014): 3240-3253. 
  3. Ventola CL. “Medical applications for 3D printing: current and projected uses”. PT 39 (2014): 704-711.
  4. Cui X., et al. “Thermal inkjet printing in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine”. Recent Patents on Drug Delivery and Formulation 6 (2012): 149. 
  5. Lim CGT., et al. “Rapid prototyping technology in orbital floor reconstruction: application in three patients”. Craniomaxillofacial Trauma and Reconstruction 7 (2014): 143-146. 
  6. Cohen A., et al. “Mandib- ular reconstruction using stereolithographic 3-dimensional printing modeling technology”. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, and Oral Radiology 108 (2009): 661-666. 
  7. Izatt MT., et al. “The use of physical biomodelling in complex spinal surgery”. European Spine Journal 16 (2007): 1507-1518. 
  8. Dhakshyani R., et al. “Prelimi- nary report: rapid prototyping models for Dysplastic hip surgery”. Central European Journal of Medicine 6 (2011): 266-270. 
  9. Fuyou Wang ., et al. “Three-dimensional printed porous tantalum prosthesis for treating inflammation after total knee arthroplasty in one-stage surgery – a case report”. Journal of International Medical Research (2010).
  10. Carl C Berasi IV MD., et al. “Are Custom Triflange Acetabular Components Effective for Reconstruction of Catastrophic Bone Loss? ” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 473 (2015): 528-535.
  11. Effect of three-dimensional printing-assisted minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis on anti-malrotation for different types of tibial fractures”. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 33.12 (2019): 1510-1515. 
  12. Tong Y., et al. “Three-Dimensional Printing in Spine Surgery: A Review of Current Applications”. The Spine Journal (2019). 
  13. Zhang YZ., et al. “Applica- tion of computer-aided design osteotomy template for treatment of cubitus varus deformity in teenagers: a pilot study”. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 20 (2011): 51-56. 
  14. Zhou L., et al. “Accurate reconstruction of discontinuous mandible using a reverse engineering/computer-aided design/rapid prototyping technique: a preliminary clinical study”. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 68 (2010): 2115-2121. 
  15. Hung S-S., et al. “Clinical application of rapid prototype model in pediatric proximal femoral corrective osteotomy”. Orthopedics 31 (2008): 72.
Citation: RB Kalia. “Current Role of 3-D Printing in Orthopaedics”. EC Clinical and Medical Case Reports 3.4 (2020): 56-60.

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