Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 7 - 2020
Anatomical Descriptions of the Inferior Vesical Artery
Débora Fragoso Cerqueira1, Sara Ferreira Destro1 and Diego de Faria Magalhães Torres1,2*
1Anatomy Department, Medicine School of Estácio de Sá University, Brazil
2Physiotherapy Department, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Diego de Faria Magalhães Torres, Anatomy Department, Medicine School of Estácio de Sá University and Physiotherapy Department, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Received: May 26, 2020; Published: June 30, 2020


Systematic Review: The inferior vesical artery is a vessel usually related to the vascularization of the internal iliac artery’s anterior division and the knowledge about the anatomical variations from this artery is essential for the surgical practice. A systematic revision from classic anatomy books and indexed articles in the database from SciELO, PubMed and Periodical Portal CAMES/MED, was made in May 2020. As a result, eleven books and twelve articles, characterized by information about the vascularization territory, predominance by sex, origin, and terminal branches were obtained. The most regular origin patterns found for this artery were: from a common trunk to the middle rectal artery that arises from the internal pudendal artery; from a common trunk to the middle rectal artery that arises directly from the anterior division of the internal iliac artery; or directly from anterior division of the internal iliac artery. Its predominant terminal branches are the prostatic artery and the capsular branches from the prostate, the deferential artery, and the accessory pudendal artery, which demonstrates the importance of its preservation in surgical approaches in the pelvic region.

Objective: Identify a possible pattern or predominance regarding the origin, path, irrigation, and branches of the inferior vesical artery.

Keywords: Anatomic Variations; Iliac Artery; Urinary Bladder; Pelvis; Prostatectomy


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Citation: Diego de Faria Magalhães Torres., et al. “Anatomical Descriptions of the Inferior Vesical Artery. EC Clinical and Experimental Anatomy 3.7 (2020): 26-33.

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