Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 4 - 2020
One-Year Trend of Caesarean Rate in a Border Static Hospital in India
Gurmeet Singh Sarla and R Girish*
Senior Registrar, 159 General Hospital, India
*Corresponding Author:Gurmeet Singh Sarla, Senior Registrar, 159 General Hospital, India.
Received: January 30, 2020; Published: March 31, 2020




Abstract

Background: Even though the caesarean section is an essential component of comprehensive obstetric and new born care for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality, higher rates do not necessarily imply better quality of care. Primary caesarean section rate is one of the main indicators of quality of care and hospital rankings are usually based on it, therefore lower rates reflect more appropriate clinical practice. The aim of this study is to describe the demographics and one-year trend of Caesarean rate in a border static hospital in India from January 2019 to December 2019. 

Methods: Details of 440 deliveries occurring from January 2019 to December 2019 were collected from hospital records from statistics section of a border static hospital in India and analysed.

Results: 337 patients (76.59%) had normal vaginal deliveries whilst 103 patients (23.40%) underwent Caesarean section. 

Conclusion: Antenatal Care visit is an opportune time to explain the indications and hazards associated with CS birth and women should be educated and encouraged for normal vaginal delivery rather than drifting woman towards profit driven unnecessary and unwarranted caesarean sections. The most fertile age group was between 20 - 38 years of age and patients who had normal vaginal were comparatively younger as compared to those who underwent Caesarean section. Multi gravid women had higher rates of Caesarean as compared to primigravida. Urban, educated women from well to do families had higher rates of Caesarean section as compared to rural women from lower socioeconomic strata. The rate of Caesarean section is high and there is a need to maintain a fine balance between a decision to perform a Caesarean section to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality rate and an unnecessary caesarean section causing pulling resources away from other services in an already overloaded and weak health system.

Keywords: Caesarean Section; Normal Delivery; Rate of Caesarean Section; Quality Health Care; Institutional Delivery; Primary Caesarean Section

References

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Citation: Gurmeet Singh Sarla and R Girish. “One-Year Trend of Caesarean Rate in a Border Static Hospital in India". EC Clinical and Experimental Anatomy 3.4 (2020): 23-27.

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