Review Article
Volume 6 Issue 10 - 2020
Anesthesia in Ophthalmology
Carlos de la Paz Estrada*
Second Degree Specialist in Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Master in Medical Emergencies Provincial Pediatric, Hospital “Eduardo Agramonte Piña”, Camaguey, Cuba
*Corresponding Author: Carlos de la Paz Estrada, Second Degree Specialist in Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Master in Medical Emergencies Provincial Pediatric, Hospital “Eduardo Agramonte Piña”, Camaguey, Cuba.
Received: July 23, 2020; Published: September 29, 2020




Abstract

Anesthesia for ophthalmic surgery is considered as a high-risk anesthesia, since there are many peculiarities that, if not taken into account, the visual prognosis of the patient could be altered, even causing loss of vision. Anesthetic requirements can vary significantly between different procedures. The anesthesiologist who develops in the field of ophthalmic surgery must adequately know the anatomy and physiology of the eyeball and orbit, the anesthetic implications on the physiology of the eye, the effects of surgery on the physiology of the patient as we see in the oculocardiac, oculogastric, oculorespiratory and oculodepressant reflexes, effects of ophthalmological pharmacology on human physiology: beta blockade, hypovolemia, hypokalemia; as well as the knowledge of the different surgical procedures; all the aforementioned will help to have a better ophthalmic prognosis.

Keywords: Anesthesia; Ophthalmology; Ophthalmic Surgery; Oculocardiac

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Citation: Carlos de la Paz Estrada. “Anesthesia in Ophthalmology”. EC Anaesthesia 6.10 (2020): 15-26.

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