Short Communication
Volume 6 Issue 2 - 2020
Critical Issues of Agriculture and Rural Development in India
Ajay Kumar Singh*
Assistant Professor (Economics), Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, DIT University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
*Corresponding Author: Ajay Kumar Singh, Assistant Professor (Economics), Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, DIT University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
Received: December 23, 2019; Published: January 20, 2020

Livelihood security of population is largely depend upon on agricultural sector in rural Indian economy [1,2]. Agriculture is a most dominant activity of rural Indian economy and it provides the jobs to around 44% rural population of India. Hence, agricultural sector may be considered as a backbone of Indian economy [1]. In India, agricultural sector did contribute around 16.77% share in India’s GDP, while 47.20% population engaged in agriculture and allied sector in 2016 (WDI, World Bank, 2016). Thus, for India to increase the share of agriculture sector in India’s GDP is a critical challenge for Indian policy makers. Also, around 66% of Indian population is dwellers of rural India (WDI, World Bank, 2016). Therefore, there would be a critical challenge for national and regional policy makers to take an effective action to boost the growth of rural economy through agricultural development. In contrary, agricultural and allied sector of India are facing numerous problems like decreasing share of agriculture sector, decreasing crop yield, productivity of natural resources, and decreasing cropped area under food-grain crops (i.e. land, water and soil) [1,3,4].


  1. Kumar S., et al. “MEGA7: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets”. Molecular Biology and Evolution 33.7 (2016): 1870-1874.
  2. Singh AK and Issac J. “Impact of climatic and non-climatic factors on sustainable livelihood security in Gujarat state of India: A statistical exploration”. Agriculture and Food Sciences Research 5.1 (2018): 30-46.
  3. Kumar A., et al. “Climatic effects on sugarcane productivity in India: a stochastic production function application”. International Journal of Economics and Business Research 10.2 (2015b): 179-203. 
  4. Singh AK and Sharma P. “Measuring the productivity of food-grain crops in different climate change scenarios in India: An evidence from time series investigation”. Climate Change 4.16 (2018): 661-673.
  5. Kumar A., et al. “Climatic effects on food grain productivity in India: A crop-wise Analysis”. Journal of Studies in Dynamics and Change 1.1 (2014): 38-48.
  6. Kumar A., et al. “Effects of climatic factors on productivity of cash crops in India: Evidence from state-wise panel data”. Global Journal of Research in Social Sciences 1.1 (2015a): 9-18.
  7. Kumar A., et al. “Influence of climatic and non-climatic factors on sustainable food security in India: A statistical investigation”. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics 3.1 (2017): 1-30.
  8. Singh AK. “Climate Change and Productivity of Food-grain and Cash Crops in India”. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Mauritius (2017).
  9. Singh AK and Narayanan KGS. “Climate Change, Food-grain Farming and Food Security in India”. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Mauritius (2018).
  10. Kumar A and Sharma P. “Impact of climate variation on agricultural productivity and food security in rural India”. Economics Discussion (2013): 43. 
  11. Singh AK and Jyoti B. “Measuring the climate variability impact on cash crops farming in India: An empirical investigation”. Agriculture and Food Sciences Research 6.2 (2019): 155-164.
  12. Singh AK., et al. “Measuring the influence of weather variables on productivity of food-grain crops in India: An application of Just and Pope’s production technique”. ABBS Management Business and Entrepreneurship Review 7.2 (2016): 29-46.
  13. Sharma P and Singh AK. “Association of state-wise food security index with climatic factors in India: evidence from state-wise panel data”. Journal of Global Agriculture and Ecology 6.3 (2017): 196-205.
  14. Singh AK., et al. “Implications of socioeconomic factors on food security in selected economies: An empirical assessment”. Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research 8.2 (2017a): 103-115.
  15. Singh AK. “Influence of climate and non-climatic factors on global food security index: A Cross-sectional country-wise analysis”. SOCIALSCI Journal 1.1 (2018): 22-35.
  16. Singh AK., et al. “Assessing the impact of climatic and socio- economic factors on food security in India and Thailand: An empirical analysis”. SOCIALSCI Journal 4 (2019a): 115-134.
  17. Singh AK., et al. “Measurement of technical efficiency of climatic and non-climatic factors in sugarcane farming in Indian states: Use of stochastic frontier production function approach”. Climate Change 5.19 (2019b): 150-166.
  18. Singh AK., et al. “Effect of climatic factors on cash crop farming in India: An application of Cobb-Douglas production function model”. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology 13.2 (2017): 175-210.
  19. Singh AK., et al. “Measurement of environmental sustainability index and its association with socio-economic indicators in Asian economies: An empirical investigation”. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development 18.1 (2019c): 57-100.
Citation: Ajay Kumar Singh. “Critical Issues of Agriculture and Rural Development in India”. EC Agriculture 6.2 (2020): 01-03.

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