Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 2 - 2020
Effects of Different Industrial Soils on Seedling Growth of Leguminous Tree Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Muhammad Kabir1, Muhammad Zafar Iqbal2, Muhammad Shafiq2* and Zia-ur-Rehman Farooqi2
1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Sargodha, Sub-campus Bhakkar, Pakistan
2Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Shafiq, Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.
Received: November 18, 2019; Published: January 07, 2020




Abstract

The edaphic and climatic factors affect growth of plants. The fast growth of industrial activities and technological advancement are found responsible for the change in environmental conditions of the major urban center of the world and importantly influencing on the growth of living organism. The soil pollution is a regional and global problem. The indiscriminate discharge of the pollutants from the industries also altering the physical and chemical properties of soil. The results of the present studies showed that the treatment of soil of different industrial area affected the seed germination and seedling growth performance of Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile depending upon the soil types and availability of pollutantsThe seedlings of A. nilotica were found flourished well in soils of Haroon Textile Factory as compared to Karachi University Campus (control). A significant (p < 0.05) reduction in root, shoot and seedling length of A. nilotica was recorded for seedlings grown in soil of Universal Chemicals factory as compared to other industrial soil treatment. The biomass production of A. nilotica showed variation in different industrial areas soil samples treatment. The correlation coefficient between growth parameters and soil characteristics for A. nilotica was calculated. The periodic growth of A. nilotica for root, shoot and seedling length, plant cover, number of leaves, leaf area and biomass variables as seedling fresh weight, root, shoot, leaf and total plant dry weights, root and shoot ratio, leaf weight ratio, specific leaf area and leaf area ratio were responded differently in soils of different industries (polluted) as compared to Karachi University Campus (Control). The seedlings of A. nilotica showed high percentage of tolerance indices in soil of Haroon Textile factory while, lowest tolerance was shown in soil of Universal Chemicals factory. A better seedling growth of this species could be obtained if it is given the favorable environmental conditions likewise Haroon Textile factory soil. It is suggested that A. nilotica should be grown around the Haroon textile industry as it can well adapted to pollutants discharges from the textiles industries.

Keywords: Industrial Pollution; Seedling Dry Weight; Soil Pollutions; Soil Physical and Chemical Properties

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Citation: Muhammad Shafiq., et al. “Effects of Different Industrial Soils on Seedling Growth of Leguminous Tree Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile”. EC Agriculture 6.2 (2020): 01-11.

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