Mini Review
Volume 6 Issue 8 - 2020
The Application of Fullerene Materials in Agriculture
Nicholas A Kerna1* and John V Flores2,3
1SMC–Medical Research, Thailand
2Beverly Hills Wellness Surgical Institute, USA
3Orange Partners Surgicenter, USA
*Corresponding Author: Nicholas A Kerna, POB47 Phatphong, Suriwongse Road, Bangkok, Thailand 10500.
Received: August 04, 2020; Published: July 31, 2020




Carbon fullerene materials have been investigated for applications in humans, animals, and plants for decades. Fullerene materials are composed of carbon atoms and are compatible with specific biological systems, while showing little to no toxicity. They reduce the number of free radicals in cells, provide anti-inflammatory effects, and inhibit tumor growth. However, the primary antioxidant benefit of fullerene materials seems to be the activation of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2) factor 2 (Nrf2). Their application can enhance productivity and improve crop yield by stimulating water retention and fighting specific disease organisms in agriculture. Their application in husbandry can enhance productivity and profitability, in part, by stimulating metabolism and immunity. Nanocarbon onion-like fullerene (NOLF) materials have a high surface area to volume ratio, making them viable for transportation within humans and animals. However, NOLFs safety, manufacture, and dosage should be further evaluated for consistency and toxicity and established for the safe therapeutic use in humans, animals, and plants.

Keywords: Agriculture; Biocompatibility; Biomass; Free Radical; Fullerene; Husbandry; Nanocarbon; Shungite

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Citation: Kerna NA, Flores JV.. “The Application of Fullerene Materials in Agriculture”. EC Agriculture 6.8 (2020): 01-05.

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