Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 5 - 2020
Study of Selectivity and Efficacy of Precursor Herbicides in Parsley Cultivation (Petroselinum crispum)
Andreas Lypas*
Department of Agricultural Production and Agricultural Environment, Zizaniology Laboratory, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece
*Corresponding Author: Andreas Lypas, Department of Agricultural Production and Agricultural Environment, Zizaniology Laboratory, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece.
Received: April 16, 2020; Published: May 16, 2020




Abstract

Although the cultivation of parsley is cultivated in small areas in our country, it is an important crop, contributing significantly to the income of growers. One of the major problems facing parsley growers is the lack of many approved pesticides, especially herbicides. This has the effect of increasing the cost of weeding. In a field experiment carried out during the period May-August 2016 at the farm of the University of Thessaly in Velestino, the selectivity of 4 precursor herbicides in parsley cultivation was evaluated. Following is the plan of randomized complete groups with three repetitions and 5 surgeries. The operations were as follows: 1) an impeccable witness, 2) pendimethalin, 3) linuron, 4) s-metolachlor and 5) isoxaflutole. To assess the selectivity of herbicides, the density of the crop, the height, the fresh weight, the dry weight and the relative concentration of chlorophyll in the parsley leaves were recorded. The results of the experiment showed that the herbicides pendimethalin, s-metolachlor and linuron did not affect the germination, growth and concentration of the chlorophyll of the crop, while the herbicide isoxaflutole significantly significantly reduced the negative effect on the growth and the growth. crop yield. Significant results have been reported on the effectiveness of herbicides. Measurements of weed density and dry weight showed that the herbicides isoxaflutole, s-metolachlor, linuron and pendimethalin did not fight perennial weeds, weevil and periwinkle vegetative growth, although the herbicide isox.

Also, in the parts where the pendimethalin was applied, the lowest density of the trivolium was recorded, while among the herbicides the highest density of the tuft was recorded in the linuron operation. The results showed that the herbicides s-metolachlor, linuron and pendimethalin can be applied to the cultivation of parsley, although it is necessary to evaluate them in different soils and different application doses.

Keywords: Herbicides; Parsley Cultivation; Petroselinum crispum

References

  1. Platis ND. “Parsley”. Spice Dictionary. Greece: Kedros Publications SA (2003): 247.
  2. Ha and Petropoulos S. “General Vegetation and Outdoor cultivation of vegetables”. Volos, University Publications of Thessaly (2014): 596-604.
  3. Petropoulos S and Chatziefstratiou E. “Root parsley-A new alternative crop for Greece”. Agriculture-Livestock. Agrotypos Publications SA 9 (2008): 48-51.
  4. Petropoulos SA. “The effect of nitrogen fertilization and stress on the growth and chemical composition of three types of parsley. Doctoral thesis”. Athens (2006): 12-26.
  5. Fejes S., et al. “Investigation of the In vitro antioxidant effect of Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nym. ex A. W. Hill”. Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica 38 (1998): 150-156.
  6. Goldwasser Y., et al. “Control of Orobanche crenata and Orobanche aegyptiaca in parsley”. Crop Protection 22 (2003): 295-305.
  7. Karkanis A., et al. “The critical period for weed competition in parsley (Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill) in Mediterranean areas”. Crop Protection 42 (2012a): 268-272.
  8. Smith R. “Weed control in cilantro and parsley”. UC Weed Science. Weed control, management, ecology and minutia (2014).
  9. Ministry of Rural Development and Food. List of Plant Protection Products by Cultivation (2017).
  10. Dittmar P and Boyd ΝS. “Weed Management in Parsley and Cilantro”. University of Florida (2015).
  11. “Strategic Agrichemical Review Process 2011-2014, 2014”. Parsley. HAL Projects-MT10029 and VG12081. AgAware Consulting Pty Ltd Checkbox 3D Pty Ltd (2014).
  12. Ziogas BN and Markoglou AN. “Agricultural Pharmacology. Biochemistry, physiology, mechanisms of action and uses of plant protection products”. (2nd Edition). Athens (2010): 1-872.
  13. Peachey E and Mc Reynolds R. “Spinach, Cilantro, and Parsley Tolerance to Preemergence Herbicides”. Oregon State University, Corvallis OR (2008).
  14. McAvoy EJ and Stall WM. “Tolerance of Fresh Market Dill, Parsley, and Cilantro to Potential Herbicides in Florida”. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 121 (2008): 238-240.
  15. Singh M., et al. “Integrated weed management in menthol mint (Mentha arvensis L.)”. In: Proceedings of National Seminar on the Research and Development in Aromatic Plants: Current Trends in Biology, Uses, Production and Marketing of Essential Oils, held at CIMAP, Lucknow, CIMAP, Lucknow (1999): 9-10.
  16. Roerig KC., et al. “Expanding uses for pyroxasulfone: pyroxasulfone and pyroxasulfone+flumioxazin use in peppermint grown for Oil”. In: Proceedings of the Western Society of Weed Science. Papers Presented at the Annual Meeting, Colorado. WSWS, Westminster 67 (2014): 69-70.
  17. Karkanis A., et al. “Weed interference with peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) and spearmint (Mentha spicata) crops under different herbicide treatments: Effects on biomass and essential oil yield”. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 98.1 (2017): 43-50.
  18. Travlos IS., et al. “Green manure and pendimethalin impact on oriental sun-cured tobacco”. Agronomy Journal 106 (2014): 1225-1230.
  19. Karkanis A., et al. “Comparison between conventional and organic weed management: growth and yield of leek (Allium porrum )”. Horticultural Science 39.2 (2012b): 81-88.
  20. Reddy SS., et al. “Weed control and crop safety with premixed s-metolachlor and sulfentrazone in Sunflower”. American Journal of Plant Sciences 3 (2012): 1625-1631.
  21. Stefanaki Nikiforaki M.” Systematic Botanical-Keys Volume B”. Stamouli Publications, Athens, (1999): 1-376.
  22. Petropoulos SA., et al. “The effect of nitrogen fertilizer on plant growth and the nitrate content of leaves and roots of parsley in the Mediterranean region”. Scientia Horticulturae 118 (2008): 255-259.
Citation: Andreas Lypas. “Study of Selectivity and Efficacy of Precursor Herbicides in Parsley Cultivation (Petroselinum crispum)”. EC Agriculture 6.6 (2020): 24-53.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


December Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 23, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.