Volume 6 Issue 6 - 2020
Role of Spiders in Agriculture
M Rajashekhar1*, Pindi Pavan Kumar2, D Madhusudan Reddy2 and Ashwni Deshpande3
1Department of Zoology, Palamuru University, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India
2Department of Microbiology, Palamuru University, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India
3Department of Zoology, N.T.R Degree College for Women, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India
*Corresponding Author: M Rajashekhar, Department of Zoology, Palamuru University, Mahabubnagar, Telangana, India.
Received: April 08, 2020; Published: May 14, 2020

Biological control is a control of pest, particularly in agro-ecosystems with minimum environmental degradation; the traditional biological control method has been applied with greater importance across the tropical and sub tropical countries. Biological control organisms have more impact to keep the insect population below economic damage. Research experiments showed that, this is the most successfulness strategy for viable agriculture practices [1]. Consequently, natural predator plays a vital role integrated pest management program in agro-ecosystems and using of biological control agents are safe to the environment [2-4]. However, in agricultural ecosystem, the characteristic of low diversity of plants and the formation of temporary systems, whereas in annual crops ecosystems this could be unfavorable for this stability. Once this equilibrium is disturbed, phytophagous insects tend to reach maximum population density, causing losses to the farmers.


  1. Omkar and James BE. “Searching and feeding efficiency of a ladybeetle, Coccinella tranversalis Fabricius on aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover”. Journal of Biological Control2 (2003): 107-112.
  2. Devi MN., et al. “Field Density of Aphis gossypii Glover on brinjal in relation to predatory and biotic factors”. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology1 (2000): 67-71.
  3. Rao BS., et al. “Biology of two coccinellid predators on three species of aphids infesting different crops”. Madras Agricultural Journal 2 (1997): 53-56.
  4. Kalita DNT., et al. “Coccinellid predators on Aphis gossypii”. Insect Environment4 (1998): 107-108.
  5. “World Spider Catalog”. Natural History Museum Bern (2017).
  6. Riechert SE and Lockley T. “Spiders as biological control agents”. Annual Review of Entomology 29 (1984): 299-320.
  7. Nyffeler M. “Prey selection of spiders in the field”. Journal of Arachnology 27 (1999): 317-324.
  8. Foelix RF. “Biology of Spiders, 2nd edition”. Oxford University Press/Thieme, New York (1996).
  9. Nyffeler M and Symondson WOC. “Spiders and harvestmen as gastropod predators”. Ecological Entomology 26 (2001): 617-628.
  10. Nyffeler M Moor H and Foelix RF. “Spiders feeding on earthworms”. Journal of Arachnology 29 (2001): 119-124.
  11. Nyffeler M and Benz G. “Spiders in natural pest control: a review”. Journal of Applied Entomology 103 (1987): 321-339.
  12. Whitcomb WH. “Natural populations of entomophagous arthropods and their effect on the agroecosystem”. In: Maxwell FG, Harris FA. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Summer Institute on Biological Control of Plant Insects and Diseases. University Press of Mississippi, Jackson, MS (1974): 150-69.
  13. Luczak J. “Spiders in agrocoenoses”. Polish Ecological Studies 5 (1979): 151-200.
  14. Marc P., et al. “Spiders (Araneae) useful for pest limitation and bioindication”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 74 (1999): 229-273.
  15. Rypstra AL., et al. “Architectural features of agricultural habitats and their impact on the spider inhabitants”. Journal of Arachnology 27 (1999): 371-377.
  16. Sunderland KD and Greenstone MH. “Summary and future directions for research on spiders in agroecosystems”. Journal of Arachnology 27 (1999): 397-400.
  17. Toft S. “Prey choice and spider fitness”. Journal of Arachnology 27 (1999): 301-307.
  18. Uetz GW., et al. “Guild structure of spiders in major crops”. Journal of Arachnology 27 (1999): 270-280.
  19. Wise DH., et al. “Spiders in decomposition food webs of agroecosystems: theory and evidence”. Journal of Arachnology 27 (1999): 363-370.
  20. Clough Y., et al. “Spider diversity in cereal fields: comparing factors at local, landscape and regional scales”. Journal of Biogeography (2005): 32.
  21. Menalled FD., et al. “Impact of agricultural management on carabid communities and weed seed predation”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 118 (2007): 49-54.
  22. Greenstone MH. “Spider Predation: How and why we study it”. Plant Sciences and Water Conservation Laboratory, 1301 N. Western Street, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74075 USA”. The Journal of Arachnology 27 (1999): 333-342.
  23. Jeyaparvathi S. “Biological control potential of spiders on the selected cotton pests”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Life Sciences 4 (2013): 2568-2570.
  24. Khuhro R. “Assessment of Potential of Predatory Spiders in Controlling the Cotton Jassid (Amrasca devastans) Under Laboratory Conditions”. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 22 (2012): 635-638.
  25. Pickett AD., et al. “The influence of spray programs on the fauna of apple orchards in Nova Scotia: I. An appraisal of the problem and a method of approach”. Agricultural science 26 (1946): 590-600.
  26. Fox CJS and Dondale CD. “Annotated list of spiders (Araneae) from hayfields and their margins in Nova Scotia”. Canadian Entomologist 104 (1972): 1911-1915.
  27. Tanaka K. “Movement of the spiders in arable land”. Plant Protection1 (1989): 34-39.
  28. Hamamura T. “Seasonal fluctuation of spider populations in paddy fields”. Acta Arachnology2 (1969): 40-50.
  29. Sasaba T., et al. “Food preference of Lycosa in paddy fields”. Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering 5 (1973): 61-63.
  30. Samal P and Misra BC. “Spiders: The most effective natural enemies of the brown planthoppers in rice”. The Rice Entomology Newsletter 3 (1975): 31.
  31. Atlihan R and Bora KM. “Functional Response of the Coccinellid Predator, Adalia fasciatopunctata revelierei to Walnut Aphid (Callaphis juglandis)”. Phytopara 38 (2010): 23-29.
  32. Butt A and Sherawat SM. “Effect of different agricultural practices on spiders and their prey populations in small wheat fields”. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica B 62 (2012): 374-382.
  33. Reichert SE and Lockley T. “Spiders as biological control agents”. The Annual Review of Entomology 29 (1984): 299-320.
Citation: M Rajashekhar., et al. “Role of Spiders in Agriculture”. EC Agriculture 6.6 (2020): 21-23.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

November Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 09, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.