Review Article
Volume 6 Issue 6 - 2020
Seed Priming; An Effective Way to Improve Plant Growth
Muhammad Adnan1*, Hafiz Abd-ur-Rahman1, Muhammad Asif1, Mubashir Hussain1, Hafiz Muhammad Bilal2, Muhammad Adnan2, Fazal-ur-Rehman3, Sohail Ahmad3 and Mozna Khalid4
1Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
2Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
3Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
4Sulaiman Bin Abdullah Aba Al-Khail, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic and Applied Sciences, IIUI Islamabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author:Muhammad Adnan, Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Pakistan.
Received: February 06, 2020; Published: May 07, 2020




Abstract

Seed priming is a technique which is used to improve seed germination and crop stand in field. Efficient modes of seed priming include Hydro priming, Halo priming, Osmo priming and Solid matrix priming. Hydro priming is easy and more economical mode of priming which increases seed germination, reduce germination time and improves root-shoot ratio. Halo priming is performed by dipping seeds in salt solution and it positively affects the germination. Osmo priming and solid matrix priming enhances the salinity tolerance and improves the plant growth. The present review highlights priming methods to increase seed germination rate, plant stand establishment and improve seedling vigor for better crop production..

Keywords:Seed Priming; Germination; Stand Establishment; Priming Methods

References

  1. Dalil B., et al. “Response of medicinal plants to seed priming: a review”. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences 2 (2014): 741-745.
  2. Heydecker W., et al. “Accelerated germination by osmotic seed treatment”. Nature (1973): 42-44.
  3. Nascimento WM., et al. “Ethylene evolution and endo-â-mannanase activity during lettuce seed germination at high temperature”. Scientia Agricola2 (2004): 156-163.
  4. Khan HA., et al. “Effect of seed priming with NaCl on salinity tolerance of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) at seedling stage”. Soil and Environment1 (2009): 81-87.
  5. Roy NK and Srivastava AK. “Effect of presoaking seed treatment on germination and amylase activity of wheat (Triticum aestivum) under salt stress conditions”. Barley and Wheat Newsletter (1999).
  6. Muhammad I., et al. “Impact of nutrient seed priming on germination, seedling development, nutritional status and grain yield of maize”. Journal of Plant Nutrition12 (2015): 1803-1821.
  7. Kamithi KD., et al. “Effects of different priming methods and priming durations on enzyme activities in germinating chickpea (Cicer arietinum )”. American Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences 1 (2016): 1-9.
  8. Harris D., et al. “On-farm seed priming: using participatory methods to revive and refine a key technology”. Agricultural Systems2 (2001): 151-164.
  9. Saeidi MR., et al. “Investigation of seed priming on some germination aspect of different canola cultivars”. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment2 (2008): 188-191.
  10. Meena RP., et al. “Hydro-priming of seed improves the water use efficiency, grain yield and net economic return of wheat under different moisture regimes”. SAARC Journal of Agriculture2 (2013): 149-159.
  11. Ghassemi-Golezani K., et al. “Influence of hydro-priming duration on field performance of pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris ) cultivars”. African Journal of Agricultural Research 5.9 (2010): 893-897.
  12. Ramzan A., et al. “Effect of priming with potassium nitrate and dehusking on seed germination of gladiolus”. Pakistan Journal of Botany1 (2010): 247-258.
  13. Sharma AD., et al. “Comparison of various seed priming methods for seed germination, seedling vigour and fruit yield in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)”. Scientia Horticulturae 165 (2014): 75-81.
  14. Singh R. “Effects of hydro priming on seed germination and vigour of Aegle marmelos”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry5 (2014): 446-449.
  15. Moosavi SS., et al. “The effects of water seed pre-treatment on soybean vegetative and reproductive traits”. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry3 (2014): 12-17.
  16. Cantliffe DJ., et al. “Mechanism of seed priming in circumventing thermos dormancy in Lettuce” Plant Physiology2 (1984): 90-294.
  17. Odell GB and Cantliffe DJ. “Seed priming procedures and the effect of subsequent storage on the germination of fresh market tomato seeds”. In Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Florida State Horticulture Society (USA) (1986).
  18. Sharma MK., et al. “Effect of seed hardening with nitrate salts on physiological attributes at ear head emergence stage and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum)”. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 5.2 (2009): 439-442.
  19. Mohammadi GR. “The effect of seed priming on plant traits of late-spring seeded soybean (Glycine max)”. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science 5.3 (2009): 322-326.
  20. Kumar G and V Manonmani. “Standardisation of seed priming and its influence on biochemical changes in germination of sunflower seeds”. Proceedings of National Seed Congress (2011): 209-212.
  21. Srivastava AK and Bose B. “Effect of nitrate seed priming on phenology, growth rate and yield attributes in rice (Oryza sativa L.)”. Vegetos-An International Journal of Plant Research2 (2012): 174-181.
  22. Ghobadi M., et al. “Does KNO3 and hydro priming improve wheat (Triticum aestivum) seeds germination and seedlings growth”. Annals of Biological Research 3.7 (2012): 3156-3160.
  23. Ahmadvand G., et al. “Effects of seed priming on germination and emergence traits of two soybean cultivars under salinity stress”. Journal of Basic and Applied Science Research 3 (2012): 234-241.
  24. Vazirimehra MR., et al. “Effect of seed priming on quantitative traits corn”. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences2 (2014): 134-140.
  25. Lara TS., et al. “Potassium nitrate priming affects the activity of nitrate reductase and antioxidant enzymes in tomato germination”. Journal of Agricultural Science2 (2014): 72-80.
  26. Chavan NG., et al. “Effect of seed priming on field performance and seed yield of soybean (Glycine max) varieties”. The Bioscan 9.1 (2014): 111-114.
  27. Rehman H., et al. “Seed priming influence on early crop growth, phenological development and yield performance of linola (Linum usitatissimum)”. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 13.5 (2014): 990-996.
  28. Sivritepe N., et al. “The effects of NaCl priming on salt tolerance in melon seedlings grown under saline conditions”. Scientia Horticulturae4 (2003): 229-237.
  29. Lin JM and Sung JM. “Presowing treatments for improving emergence of bitter gourd seedlings under optimal and sub-optimal temperatures”. Seed Science and Technology 29 (2001): 39-50.
  30. Hassanpouraghdam MB., et al. “Effect of osmo-priming on germination and seedling growth of Brassica napus under salinity conditions”. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 7.2 (2009): 620-622.
  31. Singh A., et al. “Osmopriming duration influence on germination, emergence and seedling growth of sorghum”. Seed Technology (2012): 111-118.
  32. Mouradi M., et al. “Osmopriming improves seeds germination, growth, antioxidant responses and membrane stability during early stage of Moroccan alfalfa populations under water deficit”. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research3 (2016): 265-272.
  33. Taylor AG., et al. “SMP: solid matrix priming of seeds”. Scientia Horticulturae2 (1988): 1-11.
  34. Mercado MFO and Fernandez PG. “Solid matrix priming of soybean seeds”. Philippine Journal of Crop Science2 (2002) 27-35.
  35. Kępczynska E., et al. “Effects of matri conditioning on onion seed germination, seedling emergence and associated physical and metabolic events”. Plant Growth Regulation3 (2003): 269-278.
  36. Zhao G., et al. “Improving the field emergence performance of super sweet corn by sand priming”. Plant Production Science3 (2009): 359-364.
  37. Sharma AD., et al. “Comparison of various seed priming methods for seed germination, seedling vigour and fruit yield in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus Moench)”. Scientia Horticulturae 165 (2002): 75-81.
Citation: Muhammad Adnan., et al. “Seed Priming; An Effective Way to Improve Plant Growth”. EC Agriculture 6.6 (2020): 01-05.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


November Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 15, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.