Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 5 - 2020
Propagating Stem Cuttings of Selected Shrubs and Tree Species Using Indo-3-Butyric Acid Dips
Adesoye I* and Akoroda MO
Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Adesoye I, Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Received: March 28, 2020; Published: April 27, 2020




Abstract

The use of cuttings from stems, leaves, roots or terminal buds is a common technique for plant propagation being practicable and simple. This study assessed the establishment of selected stem cuttings with and without rooting hormone. It was also to determine the part of stem most suitable for propagating selected shrubs and trees cuttings. The experiment was conducted from mid-July to mid-October 2016 at the Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan. Stem cuttings were sourced within the University environs. Some 720 stem cuttings were cut with secateurs from selected growing shrubs and trees. Stems were cut into: tip, middle and hardwood parts each 20 - 25 cm long for each shrub and tree. Cuttings were treated with indole-3- butyric acid (IBA) at 0, 100, 300, 500 ppm and planted in washed river sand laid out in a completely randomized design with a 3 × 20 × 4 × 3 factorial arrangement. Data collected on five variables were subjected to analysis of variance ANOVA and significant means separated using Duncan New Multiple Range Test (DNMRT). Hormone treatment of stem cuttings had influence on the survival of plant species. Stem cuttings treated with 300ppm IBA gave the highest number of cuttings that rooted (32.41%) followed by those treated with 500 ppm (31.48%). The highest rooting was in Acalypha rhomboidea, Codium spp., and Jatropha curcas at 37.38%, 34.92% and 30.50%, respectively. The stem cuttings of Mangifera indica, Anacardium occidentalis, Bougainvillea, Thuja standishii, Psidium guajava, Ocimum gratissimum, Citrus sinensis and Vitis vinifera established poorly indicating their low rooting potentials, in particular, the responses to stem parts and levels of IBA vary among plant species. In all, IBA treatment influences propagation of stem cutting depends on the tree or shrub species.

Keywords: Stem Cuttings; Establishment; Indole-3-Butyric Acid; Hormone; Shrubs; Tree Species

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Citation: Adesoye I and Akoroda MO. “Propagating Stem Cuttings of Selected Shrubs and Tree Species Using Indo-3-Butyric Acid Dips”. EC Agriculture 6.5 (2020): 79-84.

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