Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 5 - 2020
Plantain-based Integrated Biorefinery
Ogunsuyi Helen1*, Zachary Herde2, Thilakaratne Rajeeva2 and Jagannadh Satyavolu2
1Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria
2Conn Center for Renewable Energy Research, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA
*Corresponding Author: Ogunsuyi Helen, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
Received: February 19, 2020; Published: April 27, 2020




Abstract

In view of the emerging research trend in bio-energy to circumvent the effects of the impending decline in world’s petroleum reserves and environmental challenges associated with the resource, there is need for African countries to exploit their huge biomass resources towards integrated biorefinery. Nigeria is an agrarian nation with enormous biomass resources that are grossly unexploited for energy generation. Therefore, this present research is investigating the viability of post-harvested plantain biomass from Nigeria for biorefinery operation. The various parts of the biomass namely: stem, leaves, flower (inflorescence) were preliminarily analyzed for their monomeric sugar using HPLC upon hydrolysis. Our preliminary work demonstrated that the various parts of the biomass can be excellent sources of C5 and C6 sugars - both in terms of selectivity and yield. The morphology and structural composition of the biomass before and after hydrolysis were studied using SEM and FTIR analyses. The remnant fiber of the biomass was subjected to torrefaction and carbonization processes to produce value-added carbon products such as biochar, carbons for water treatment, etc. BET analysis on the produced carbons showed that a surface area up to 900 m2/g can be achieved. Caloric value of over 9000 BTU/LB was recorded for Torrified post-hydrolyzed flower portion of the biomass. Therefore, this present research effort indicated that developing a plantain-based biorefinery in Nigeria is feasible and will impact positively on the economy of the nation with significant agriculture based opportunities in the rural areas.

Keywords: Bio-Energy; Plantain-Based Biorefinery; Nigeria

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Citation: Ogunsuyi Helen., et al. “Plantain-based Integrated Biorefinery”. EC Agriculture 6.5 (2020): 66-78.

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