Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 5 - 2020
Cattle Rustling and Sustainability of Nomadic Grazing in Nigeria: A Case Study of Taraba State, Nigeria
Ahmed YM1, Oruonye ED1* and Fatima AY2
1Department of Geography, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria
2Faculty of Agriculture, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Oruonye ED, Department of Geography, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria.
Received: March 14, 2020; Published: April 16, 2020




Abstract

Nomadic grazing has been one of the commonest forms of livestock rearing in Nigeria. This form of livestock management has thrived successfully over the years in the past and sustained many economic activities including local production of dairy products and meat, export in hides and skin, local leather works and tannery among others. However, nomadic grazing as a form of livestock management is increasingly threatened in recent times by a lot of challenges which include frequent clashes with crop farmers and its attendant loss of lives and properties and cattle rustling. This study appraises the challenges of cattle rustling on the sustainability of nomadic grazing in Nigeria using the case of Taraba State, Nigeria. Data used consist of both primary and secondary data. Primary data was generated from a field survey carried out in the State, particularly local communities that have been plagued by incidents of rural banditry and cattle rustling. This was complimented by extensive desk review on the topic. Interviews were conducted face to face basis using structured questionnaire. Data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings of the study reveals that about 1,758 cows were loss in the State to cattle rustling between 2012 to 2019 based on interaction with cattle herders and additional 1,462 cattle loss was reported to the Ministry of Agriculture Jalingo. Other reported incidence estimated that 64,750 cattles were stolen in 2013 and at least 2,991 herders killed in the North Central States of Nigeria. Findings of the study reveals that there is a general dearth of available statistical data that can be used to ascertain the extent of the menace of cattle rustling, the number of casualties among herders and number of cattle lost to cattle rustlers over the years. The study findings reveal that most of the cow theft cases took place in remote rural communities and forest with no security presence, poor transport and communication networks. Hence, many were never reported nor captured by media reports. Only a handful of cases were reported mostly to the Nigerian Police Force station and noted by the State Ministry of Agriculture. The study reveals that cattle rustling are main trigger in attacks by herders and crop farmers. Many nomads have been completely stripped of their cattle. Many affected heads of household’s have abandoned their families, leaving women and children behind to cater for themselves. The study concludes that cattle rustling are a great threat to pastoral nomadism in Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommends the establishment of ranching and strengthening of security operations in the State and country.

Keywords:Armed Banditry; Cattle Rustling; Nomadic Grazing; Sustainable Grazing

References

  1. Blench R. “National Resources Conflict in North Central Nigeria: A Handbook and Case Studies”. Mallam Dendo Ltd (2004).
  2. Okoli AC and Okpaleke F. “Cattle rustling and dialectics of security in Northern Nigeria”. International Journal of Liberal Arts and Social Science 2 (2014a): 109-115.
  3. Frantz C. “Development without Communities: Social Fields, Networks and Action in the Mambilla Grasslands of Nigeria”. Human Organization 40 (1981): 211-220.
  4. Tukur AL., et al. “The Land and People of the Mambilla Plateau”. Heinemann Educational Books (Nig.) Limited (2005).
  5. Adamu A and Ben A. “Migration and violent conflict in divided societies: Non-Boko Haram violence against christians in the middle belt region of Nigeria”. Nigeria Conflict Security Analysis Network (NCSAN) Working Paper World Watch Research 1 (2015).
  6. Cheserek GJ., et al. “Nature and Causes of Cattle Rustling among some Pastoral Communities in Kenya”. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS)2 (2012): 173-179.
  7. Osamba JO. “The Sociology of Insecurity: Cattle Rustling and Banditry in North -Western Kenya” (ND).
  8. Ciara Aucoin and Omar SM. “Cattle rustling on the rise across Africa” (2017).
  9. International Crisis Group. “Herders against Farmers: Nigeria’s Expanding Deadly” (2017).
  10. “Amnesty: Farmer-herder clashes kill 3,600 in Nigeria”. Online News 17th (2018).
  11. Alemika EE. “The impact of organised crime on governance in West Africa” (2013).
  12. Gueye AB. “Organized crime in the Gambia, Guinea-Bissau and Senegal, in E.E.O” (2013).
  13. Egwu S. “The Political Economy of Rural Banditry in Contemporary Nigeria”. In Mohammed J Kuna and Jubrin Ibrahim (Eds.) Rural Banditry and Conflicts in Northern Nigeria. Centre of Democracy and Development, Abuja, Nigeria (2015).
  14. Ocan CM. “Pastoral crisis in North-Eastern Uganda: The changing significance of raids”. Working paper No. 2. Kampala: CBR Publishers 2 (ND).
  15. Sperling L and Galaty J. "Cattle, Culture, and Economy: Dynamics in East African Pastoralism". In J Galaty and D Johnson, eds, The World of Pastoralism: Herding Systems in Comparative Perspective (New York: Guilford Press) (1990): 69-98.
  16. Kaimba GK., et al. “Effects of cattle rustling and household characteristics on migration decisions and herd size amongst pastoralists in Baringo District, Kenya”. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 1 (2011): 18.
  17. Tukur B. “Perspectives on the conflict between farmers and transhumance pastoralists in Nigeria”. Paper presented at a conference on pastoral security and development held at N'Djamena (2013): 27-29.
  18. Higazi A. “Farmer-Pastoralist Conflicts on the Jos Plateau, Central Nigeria: Security Responses of Local Vigilantes and the Nigerian State”. Conflict, Security and Development4 (2016): 365-385.
  19. Dimelu MU., et al. “Resource use conflict in agrarian communities, management and challenges: A case of farmer-herdsmen conflict in Kogi State, Nigeria”. Journal of Rural Studies 46 (2016): 147-154.
  20. “The impact of organized crime on governance in West African”. Abuja-Nigeria: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (2013): 55-75.
  21. Doss CR., et al. “Interpersonal, intertemporal and spatial variation in risk perceptions: Evidence from East Africa”. World Development8 (2008): 1453-1468.
  22. Akerjir AS. “Increasing Farmer-Herder Conflict in Nigeria: An Assessment of the Clashes Between the Fulani Herdsmen and Indigenous Farmers in Ukpabi-Nimbo Community Enugu State”. A dissertation to submitted in partial fulfilment for the award of Master of Art in International Development Studies, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands (2018).
  23. Galaty J., et al. “The Future of Pastoral Peoples”. Nairobi: IDRC (1980).
  24. Ingawa SA., et al. “Grazing reserves in Nigeria: Problems, prospects and policy implications”. African Livestock Policy Analysis Network (ALPAN) Network Paper 22 (1989).
Citation: Ahmed YM., et al. “Cattle Rustling and Sustainability of Nomadic Grazing in Nigeria: A Case Study of Taraba State, Nigeria”. EC Agriculture 6.5 (2020): 42-49.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


November Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the November issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before December 12, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.