Short Communication
Volume 6 Issue 4 - 2020
Climate Change and Food Security: A Biggest Challenge for World’s Economies
Ajay K Singh1* and B Jyoti Singh2
1Assistant Professor of Economics, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, DIT University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
2Assistant Professor of Seed Science and Technology, V.C.S.G., UUHF, College of Forestry, Ranichauri, Tehri Garhwal, India
*Corresponding Author: Ajay K Singh, Assistant Professor of Economics, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, DIT University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
Received: February 28, 2020; Published: March 24, 2020




Abstract

Feeding to present and growing population is one of the most critical challenge for global policy makers and international development organizations at world-wide [1-3]. There is a sufficient food to meet global food supply requirement of the world’s population. Despite that 870 million people do not have secure resources to feed their self (https://www.usda.gov/topics/food-and-nutrition/foodsecurity). More than 1.2 billion peoples are undernourished which accounts roughly 14% of the world’s population and 850 million are malnourished in developing countries (http://www.fao.org/state-of-food-security-nutrition/en/) and every six seconds somewhere a child dies due to hunger. Moreover, more people die every year due to hunger as compared to other serious diseases like AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis together (https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-global-poverty). Ultimately, malnutrition leads disease and devastating the lives of hungry poor economic peoples. Low income countries have highest number of malnourished children under age of five due to food unavailability and low economic capacity of people to acquire food (https://ourworldindata.org/hungerand- undernourishment). Asia has largest number of undernourished population and it is the most food insecure region [3]. Whereas Sub-Saharan African countries are second most food insecure region with 239 million undernourished populations. Low accessibility power and poor economic capacity of population is main cause to increase food insecurity in developing economies [1,3], therefore these economies are in food insecure trap. Lack of food availability in local market is also a key reason for food insecurity in most developing economies [1-3]. At present world have a 6 billion population and it is expected that world’s population would be 9.7 billion by 2050 (https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/world-population-prospects-2019.html). Hence, it is reported that to sustain food security would be difficult by 2050.

  1. Kumar A., et al. “Carbon emission and global food security: A cross country analysis”. PENCIL Publication of Agricultural Sciences 2.1 (2015): 7-24. 
  2. Kumar A., et al. “Influence of climatic factors on sustainable food security in India: A statistical investigation”. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics 3.1 (2017): 1-30. 
  3. Singh AK and Sharma P. “Implications of climatic and non-climatic variables on food security in developing economies: A conceptual review”. MOJ Food Processing and Technology 6.1 (2018): 1-12. 
  4. Singh AK., et al. “Implications of socioeconomic factors on food security in selected economies: An empirical assessment”. Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research 8.20 (2017): 103-115.
  5. Singh AK and Jyoti B. “Measuring the climate variability impact on cash crops farming in India: An empirical Investigation”. Agriculture and Food Sciences Research 6.2 (2019): 155-165. 
  6. Kumar A., et al. “Climatic effects on food grain productivity in India: A crop wise analysis”. Journal of Studies in Dynamics and Change 1.1 (2014): 38-48. 
  7. Kumar A., et al. “Effects of climatic factors on agricultural productivity in India: A state-wise panel data analysis”. International Journal of Basic and Life Sciences 1.1 (2015): 48-67. 
  8. Kumar A., et al. “Assessing the impacts of climatic change on land productivity in Indian crop agriculture: An evidence from panel data analysis”. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 18.1 (2016): 1-13. 
  9. Kumar A., et al. “Effects of climatic factors on productivity of cash crops in India: Evidence from state-wise panel data”. Global Journal of Research in Social Sciences 1.1 (2015): 9-18. 
  10. Kumar A., et al. “Climatic effects on sugarcane productivity in India: A stochastic production function approach”. International Journal of Economics and Business Research 10.2 (2015a): 179-203. 
Citation: Ajay K Singh and B Jyoti Singh. “Climate Change and Food Security: A Biggest Challenge for World’s Economies”. EC Agriculture 6.4 (2020): 22-24.

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