Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 3 - 2020
Epidemiology of Non-Typhoidal Salmonellosis in Cattle and its Public Health Importance in Gambella Abattoir, South Western Ethiopia
Jemberu Alemu Megenase* and Eshetu Gudina Yadeta
College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gambella University, Gambela, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Jemberu Alemu Megenase, Associate Professor, Veterinary Public Health, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gambella University, Gambela, Ethiopia.
Received: December 27, 2019; Published: February 24, 2020




Abstract

Epidemiological study was conducted on nontyphoidal salmonellosis (NTS) in cattle and its public health importance to estimate prevalence of nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) among cattle in Gambella town southern Ethiopia. A total of 384 faecal samples was collected and examined for the presence of NTS using standard techniques and procedures outlined by the International standardization for organization (ISO 6579). From the total animal examined 32 (8.3%) (95% CI, 2.207 - 18.88) cattle were positive for NTS. There was significant association (P < 0.05) in the overall prevalence among age, Breed and body conditions. The prevalence of nontyphoidal salmonellosis (NTS) was 5.4% in male and 2.8% in Female,  <  5 years age, 5 - 8 years and > 8 years of age 7 (1.8%) 19 (4.9%) and 6 (1.5%) was observed, poor, good and medium body conditioned animals 17 (4.4%), 12 (3.1%) and 3 (0.7%) are identified respectively. The overall abattoir sanitary environment was below the requirements of good hygiene practices (GHP) in slaughterhouse such a ways the population is endanger of meat born zoonosis and sanitation problems. Also, the overall prevalence reported by the current study was not despicable, because nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) are zoonotic disease. So, prevention and control of nontyphoidal salmonellosis in live animals and faecal meat contamination in abattoir risk reduction strategies should be implemented with awareness creation to abattoir worker about meat hygiene and food safety.

Keywords: Abattoir; Cattle; Gambella; Non Typhoidal Salmonella; Public Health

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Citation: Jemberu Alemu Megenase and Eshetu Gudina Yadeta. “Epidemiology of Non-Typhoidal Salmonellosis in Cattle and its Public Health Importance in Gambella Abattoir, South Western Ethiopia”. EC Agriculture 6.3 (2020): 01-16.

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